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单轴下岩石声发射参数的分形特征   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
 通过采集大理岩和红砂岩单轴压缩声发射信 号,引入关联分维函数,计算了不同应力水平下的声发射过程时间序列的关联维数,得 到了关联分维数与应力水平的变化关系. 结果表明,在同一应力水平下,随着$m$值的 增大, AE过程的分形特征越不明显;在不同应力水平下,关联分维数不同, AE过程参数具有不同的自相似和分形程度. 同时发现,声发射过程参数的分形特 征具有一定的尺度范围.  相似文献
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Nucleation of microcracks can be detected and analyzed by acoustic emission (AE), by which crack kinematics of locations, types and rientations are quantitatively estimated. The procedure was applied to clarify mechanisms of corrosion cracking. Based on fracture mechanics, numerical analysis was conducted by the boundary element method (BEM). Relations between the stress intensity factors and crack types were investigated by BEM solutions. In experiments, four types of crack patterns were nucleated by employing expansive agent. Following the surface crack, the diagonal crack and/or the horizontal crack propagated. The internal crack extended after the surface crack was terminated. Depending on the crack types, contributions of mode-I and mode-II were varied. According to AE results, four crack patterns observed differently consisted of tensile, mixed-mode and shear cracks. It is demonstrated that mechanisms of corrosion cracking in concrete are dominantly of mode-I failure along with a minor contribution of mixed-mode and mode-II.  相似文献
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通过一些典型节理化岩体模型变形破坏过程中的AE事件的定位分析和破裂面形态的研究,探讨了不连续岩体变形破坏过程的空间演化特征。结果表明:单节理岩体变形破坏的空间动态特征受节理角控制,随着节理角从小变大,岩体的变形破坏方式从AE在局部集中的突发式失稳向AE弥漫于整个节理层面的类似渐进式的破坏形式发展;失稳破裂面从简单的整体状岩-膏界面变成形态复杂的层内复合破裂面;复杂节理岩体的变形破坏受一条(组)主导构造控制,强AE事件集中发生在不连续构造交汇部位,在包含多条主构造的岩体模型中最终失稳破裂面只与最后阶段AE的位置一致。  相似文献
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张亮  李建宇  齐刚 《实验力学》2015,30(3):322-330
纸页受载后的损伤断裂行为涉及其使用性能,对其损伤断裂过程的研究不仅有助于揭示纸页破坏行为的物理本质,而且有助于对纸页质量及其生产、加工工艺作出更加科学合理的评定。本文基于声发射(Acoustic Emission,AE)实验研究纸页内部微损伤演化过程,给出了评估纸页宏观损伤断裂性能的定量描述方法。首先,根据AE信号与微损伤事件之间存在本质上的关联性,通过采集和观测纸页试样受载过程中的AE信号来研究纸页损伤断裂的基本特征;其次,针对所采集AE信号的数据量大、蕴含信息丰富导致数据分析和处理困难的特点,本文采用多元随机变量的分析方法。利用概率熵和Andrews曲线法等统计分析手段对AE数据展开研究分析,并最终利用一条损伤状态轨迹曲线实现了对纸页微损伤演化过程的完整宏观描述。结果表明,纸页微损伤演化过程呈现明显阶段性变化特征;Andrews曲线的聚类结果有效地区分了不同损伤阶段的相似性和差异性,同时,不同损伤阶段中纸样的微观形貌观测提供了实验性的证据。本文以一种典型的牛皮箱板纸为试件,验证了上述方法的有效性。  相似文献
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为研究闪长岩在单轴加载过程中的声发射和各向波速变化规律,在单轴阶段加载和循环阶段加载条件下,对闪长岩岩样破裂过程中的声发射累计数、不同应力水平不同方向的波速、切线模量、轴向应变速率进行了研究。实验结果表明:(1)随着应力水平的增高,声发射事件数不断增加,在高应力水平(约80%峰值强度)时,声发射累计数急剧增多,随后切线模量出现震荡变化。(2)在加载过程中,压密程度及裂纹扩展方向对波速产生了巨大的影响,导致不同方向波速在不同的应力水平呈现出不同的变化规律,由此可以推测破裂面位置和破裂模式。在较高应力水平下(约60%峰值强度),平行于加载方向的波速趋于稳定,而垂直于加载方向的波速则持续下降,故用垂直于加载方向传播的波速预测岩石的破坏更具可靠性。(3)随着应力的增加,应变速率有逐渐减小的趋势,但临近岩石破裂时无异常变化出现,说明利用变形观测难以预测此类岩石的破坏。以上研究表明,根据纵波波速、声发射累计数和切线模量的变化可以有效预测岩石的破坏。  相似文献
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通过霍普金森(SHPB)实验系统,对应力波作用下岩石破坏进行声发射实验,获得了该加载条件花岗岩声发射能量的变化规律.实验结果表明,声发射能量变化呈现出两种明显不同的特征:I型,声发射峰值能量之后,能量迅速衰减,到加载的末期,能量出现一定的回升,产生“拐点”;Ⅱ型,声发射峰值能量之后,能量衰减相对Ⅰ型较慢,且不出现“拐点”.通过对岩石破碎块度的分析,得到了声发射峰值能量与岩石破碎分维之间的关系.本文的研究有助于重新寻求应力波下岩石破坏的声发射前兆规律.  相似文献
7.
加卸载响应比理论是研究非线性系统稳定的一种重要方法.本文分析了该理论的本质含义,研究了该理论在洞室稳定分析中存在的问题,提出了基于应力边界值即地应力场增减实现加卸载的方法.文中以某矿山巷道稳定研究作为工程背景,建立了相似材料平面应变模型.通过对顶部边界应力进行逐级加卸载,主要研究了拱顶竖向压力、拱顶沉降和声发射的响应特征.结果表明,当应力不太大时,拱顶竖向压力和拱顶沉降的加卸载响应比值接近1;当围岩接近破坏时,比值出现突然的增加,并伴随较大的波动.声发射能量和事件数虽未出现类似特征,但总体来说,随着荷载的增加,声发射呈现增加的趋势.  相似文献
8.
Strength and deformability characteristics of rock with pre-existing fissures are governed by cracking behavior. To further research the effects of pre-existing fis-sures on the mechanical properties and crack coalescence process, a series of uniaxial compression tests were car-ried out for rock-like material with two unparallel fissures. In the present study, cement, quartz sand, and water were used to fabricate a kind of brittle rock-like material cylindri-cal model specimen. The mechanical properties of rock-like material specimen used in this research were all in good agreement with the brittle rock materials. Two unparallel fissures (a horizontal fissure and an inclined fissure) were cre-ated by inserting steel during molding the model specimen. Then all the pre-fissured rock-like specimens were tested under uniaxial compression by a rock mechanics servo-controlled testing system. The peak strength and Young’s modulus of pre-fissured specimen all first decreased and then increased when the fissure angle increased from 0? to 75?. In order to investigate the crack initiation, propagation and coalescence process, photographic monitoring was adopted to capture images during the entire deformation process. Moreover, acoustic emission (AE) monitoring technique was also used to obtain the AE evolution characteristic of pre-fissured specimen. The relationship between axial stress, AE events, and the crack coalescence process was set up:when a new crack was initiated or a crack coalescence occurred, the corresponding axial stress dropped in the axial stress–time curve and a big AE event could be observed simultaneously. Finally, the mechanism of crack propagation under micro-scopic observation was discussed. These experimental results are expected to increase the understanding of the strength fail-ure behavior and the cracking mechanism of rock containing unparallel fissures.  相似文献
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