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1.
温度对螺栓紧固应力超声测量的影响研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
本文从理论和实验两方面研究了温度对螺栓紧固应力超声测量的影响。推导了考虑温度影响时,测量螺栓轴力的应力—声关系.同时,通过实验测定了纵、横波在螺栓中的传播时间与温度的关系,获得了温度修正曲线,其结果与理论分析相吻合.  相似文献
2.
超声波对金属材料性能影响实验研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
郑金鑫  万志敏 《实验力学》1998,13(4):492-496
通过对紫铜和低碳钢在超声波作用下材料特性的实验研究,探讨此类材料的一些特殊表现诸如屈服点降低,硬化率降低和延伸率降低等.建立了一套超声波材料拉伸实验系统,给出材料特性变化的实验数据并对这些特殊现象的形成机理进行初步探讨.给出了韧性金属材料在超声波作用下的本构方程,并与实验结果相比较,结果表明理论分析与实验结果一致  相似文献
3.
含裂纹的受力试件对超声波传播路径的影响   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
本从弹性理论及断裂力学理论出发,通过含裂纹试件受力前后形状及折射率的变化,研究了超声波试件受力试件后传播路径的变化,并与光波的变化进行了比较,得到含裂纹的受力试件对于光波来说相当于一“凹”透镜的作用,而对于超声波来说却相当于“凸”透镜的结论。  相似文献
4.
This study investigates the interaction of ultrasonic waves and structural damage, i.e., cracking and corrosion. It is shown that cracking and corrosion damage produces a diffraction pattern that resembles that associated with the traditional physics of wave motion. The extension of this hypothesis implies that it may be possible to use a simple ripple tank to investigate how to best detect/sense and size a given damage state, e.g., corrosion. We also find that cracking, and corrosion damage, has a significant effect on both the amplitude and period of the waveform and also on the local (apparent) refractive index of the material and that these effects have the potential to be used as damage indicators.  相似文献
5.
Ultrasonic wave speed measurements are widely used to infer the elastic properties of solids. In the standard method, longitudinal and shear transducers are used separately to measure the corresponding wave speeds in a material. A new experimental method is introduced for simultaneously measuring the longitudinal and the shear wave speeds using a single set of longitudinal or shear transducers. The method can also be used to measure the wave speeds in situ during deformation by placing the transducers along the loading axis. The transducers are housed in a specially designed fixture such that they are not subjected to loading. The technique is demonstrated by performing uniaxial compression experiments on fully dense isotropic solids (where the wave speeds are not expected to change during deformation) and in polymeric foams (where the wave speeds are affected by damage).  相似文献
6.
In this paper, a digital photoelastic system was employed to observe the stress distribution generated by an ultrasonic wave impinged at the edge of a strip. According to the classical photoelastic theory, gray level distribution of the photoelastic fringe patterns was formulated and expressed in the form of , where J0 is the zeroth-order Bessel function. This new technique is called the time-averaged photoelastic method. To verify the proposed method, the distribution of was superimposed onto the distribution of gray level of the experimentally obtained photoelastic fringe pattern caused by standing wave only. Except regions near the center of fringes, well-matched results were found.  相似文献
7.
本文简要地回顾了利用超声波脉冲技术测定复合材料弹性常数的历史,概述了现状、基本原理与基本方法,并对今后的研究方向提出了看法.  相似文献
8.
Interaction of two counterpropagating ultrasonic waves in an inhomogeneously prestressed elastic material (a structural element) with quadratic non-linearity is studied theoretically by using the perturbative formalism. The analytical solution that describes wave–wave, wave–material and wave–prestress non-linear interaction is derived. This rather cumbersome solution is studied in the case of a harmonic boundary condition in the material (specimen) subjected to two-parametric inhomogeneous prestressed state. The model problems are solved and the influence of the prestress on the wave interaction is cleared up. Resulting oscillations on two parallel boundaries of the material are prestress sensitive. It is proposed to use boundary oscillation data for non-destructive characterization of inhomogeneous prestressed state.  相似文献
9.
In the present paper, the dispersive and attenuative behavior of fresh cementitious material is examined through a series of ultrasonic, through-transmission measurements. The sand size and content dominate attenuation behavior, while the effect of entrapped air bubbles is mostly obvious at lower frequencies elevating phase velocity to values much higher than that of water. Theoretical investigation seems to explain the observed dispersion and attenuation mainly through two scattering interactions: sand embedded in paste and air bubbles in mortar. The predictions made by scattering theory follow closely the experimental data. The possibility of material characterization is discussed.  相似文献
10.
An ultrasonic method to characterize the elastoplastic contact between two rough surfaces is presented. Ultrasonic experiments are performed on three different interfaces formed by aluminum surfaces with different levels of roughness. The frequency-dependent ultrasonic reflection coefficient from the interface is measured during loading and unloading cycles as a function of pressure, from which the ultrasonic interfacial contact stiffness is reconstructed by the least-squares inversion procedure. It is shown that one should distinguish between the ultrasonic (dynamic) interfacial stiffness and static interfacial stiffness for rough surfaces in elastoplastic contact (they are identical for purely elastic contact). It is shown that ultrasonic stiffness is associated with local unloading stiffness. An elastoplastic micromechanical model is used to describe the plasticity-induced hysteresis in the ultrasonically measured interfacial stiffness during loading-unloading cycles. The topographic parameters of the interface contact are reconstructed by matching the model-predicted results with the experimentally determined ultrasonic stiffness. Using these parameters the real area of contact, which is not directly measurable, is predicted during loading-unloading cycles using the model.  相似文献
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