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介绍了力学研究对象中客观存在的区间参数, 以学生毕业论文为例说明了在力学教学中引入区间分析方法的必要性. 以结构静力学分析、杆件强度和刚度校核为例, 讨论了区间分析方法的具体应用, 教学实践表明在力学教学中引入区间分析方法不仅必要而且能够让学生更容易融入工程实际问题的分析中.  相似文献
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A new numerical technique named interval finite difference method is proposed for the steady-state temperature field prediction with uncertainties in both physical parameters and boundary conditions. Interval variables are used to quantitatively describe the uncertain parameters with limited information. Based on different Taylor and Neumann series, two kinds of parameter perturbation methods are presented to approximately yield the ranges of the uncertain temperature field. By comparing the results with traditional Monte Carlo simulation, a numerical example is given to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method for solving steady-state heat conduction problem with uncertain-but-bounded parameters.  相似文献
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In this paper we introduce a minimax model for network connection problems with interval parameters. We consider how to connect given nodes in a network with a path or a spanning tree under a given budget, where each link is associated with an interval and can be established at a cost of any value in the interval. The quality of an individual link （or the risk of link failure, etc.） depends on its construction cost and associated interval. To achieve fairness of the network connection, our model aims at the minimization of the maximum risk over all links used. We propose two algorithms that find optimal paths and spanning trees in polynomial time, respectively. The polynomial solvability indicates salient difference between our minimax model and the model of robust deviation criterion for network connection with interval data, which gives rise to NP-hard optimization problems.  相似文献