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???????????????????????????   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
建立了一个针对高危女性人群股骨结构的三维有限元模型,分析了运动荷载作用下此类股骨的应力和应变分布以及股骨破坏的可能部位.结果表明:运动荷载使股骨产生较大的横向位移和弯曲变形;股骨颈处的应力和应变最大,容易在股骨颈处以及大转子与股骨干的连接部位附近发生破坏.模拟结果为研制适用于此类人群的高性能人工股骨提供了参考.  相似文献
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In the underwater-shock environment,cavitation occurs near the structural surface.The dynamic response of fluid-structure interactions is influenced seriously by the cavitation effects.It is also the difficulty in the field of underwater explosion.With the traditional boundary element method and the finite element method(FEM),it is difficult to solve the nonlinear problem with cavitation effects subjected to the underwater explosion.To solve this problem,under the consideration of the cavitation effects and fluid compressibility,with fluid viscidity being neglected,a 3D numerical model of transient nonlinear fluid-structure interaction subjected to the underwater explosion is built.The fluid spectral element method(SEM) and the FEM are adopted to solve this model.After comparison with the FEM,it is shown that the SEM is more precise than the FEM,and the SEM results are in good coincidence with benchmark results and experiment results.Based on this,combined with ABAQUS,the transient fluid-structure interaction mechanism of the 3D submerged spherical shell and ship stiffened plates subjected to the underwater explosion is discussed,and the cavitation region and its influence on the structural dynamic responses are presented.The paper aims at providing references for relevant research on transient fluid-structure interaction of ship structures subjected to the underwater explosion.  相似文献
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