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为探究复掺钢纤维下混凝土力学性能和裂纹扩展特性,利用云南会泽某深部矿山现场所取的砂、石、水泥等材料制成不同钢纤维掺量的混凝土试样,通过四点弯曲、劈裂拉伸和单轴压缩等试验获取试样抗折、抗拉和抗压强度,并借助数字图像相关技术(DIC)分析试样破坏和表面应变演化特征,优选出钢纤维混凝土配方应用于矿山竖井衬砌支护。同时对观测图像进行形态学处理,求算裂纹长度与裂纹扩展速度。试验结果表明:相较于对照组,添加钢纤维后混凝土试样的抗拉强度提升了46%~83%、抗折强度提升了24%~39%。钢纤维混凝土配方中,三掺钢纤维配方(40kg/m3长纤维,5kg/m3中长纤维,10kg/m3短纤维)对混凝土抗拉、抗折强度提升效果最佳,对残余强度和韧性指数的提升幅度最大。随着钢纤维尺寸种类的增加,试样位移-荷载峰后曲线斜率逐渐降低,同时混凝土试样内部固结后形成金属网结构的孔隙度降低,混凝土试样表面剥落量和裂纹衍生数量不断减少,到达峰值荷载时试样最大主应变降低。随着钢纤维种类增加,混凝土表面裂纹扩展平均速度减缓,相对起裂应力(起裂应力与峰值应力比值)...  相似文献   
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Hong-Jun Zhang 《中国物理 B》2021,30(11):117401-117401
For photon detection, superconducting transition-edge sensor (TES) micro-calorimeters are excellent energy-resolving devices. In this study, we report our recent work in developing Ti-/Au-based TES. The Ti/Au TES devices were designed and implemented with a thickness ratio of 1:1 and different suspended structures using micromachining technology. The characteristics were evaluated and analyzed, including surface morphology, 3D deformation of suspended Ti/Au TES device structure, I-V characteristics, and low-temperature superconductivity. The results showed that the surface of Ti/Au has good homogeneity and the surface roughness of Ti/Au is significantly increased compared with the substrate. The structure of Ti/Au bilayer film significantly affects the deformation of suspended devices, but the deformation does not affect the I-V characteristics of the devices. For devices with the Ti/Au bilayer (150μm×150μm) and beams (100μm×25μm), the transition temperature (Tc) is 253 mK with a width of 6 mK, and the value of the temperature sensitivity α is 95.1.  相似文献   
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