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New luminescent polymers containing two individual emission species-poly(fluorene-alt-phenylene) as a blue host and variable amounts of 1,8-naphthalimide as red dopant have been designed and synthesized. Optical studies (optical absorption (OA) and steady-state photoluminescence emission (PL)) in diluted solutions and thin solid films reveal that the emission spectrum can be tuned by varying the content of 1,8-naphthalimide moieties. Although no significant interaction can be observed between both moieties in the ground state, after photoexcitation an efficient energy transfer takes place from the PFP backbone to the red chromophore, indeed, by adjusting the polymer/naphthalimide ratio it is possible to obtain single polymers which emit white light to the human eye in solid state. Energy transfer is more effective in the co-polymers than in physical mixtures of the two chromophores. We prepared single-layer electroluminescent simple devices with structure: ITO/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)/active layer/Ba/Al. With this single layer-single component device structure, white light with Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (CIE) color coordinates (0.3, 0.42) is obtained for the electroluminescence (EL) emission with an efficiency of 22.62 Cd/A.  相似文献
An aqueous solution process has been used for dip coating onto substrates of 316L stainless steel. Coatings of LiCoO2, Li(Co0.5Fe0.5)O2 and LiFeO2 were applied and heat treated to 650°C for 3 hrs. Thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis, and SEM analysis were carried out to characterize the microstructure of the coatings. Results showed that the coatings transformed from a gel to a porous, crystalline layer between 270 and 350°C. Microhardness measurements at low load (50 g) were used as an indication of the surface coverage. Samples subjected to 10 thermal cycles at 10°C/min to 650°C and back to ambient, to simulate use in a molten carbonate fuel cell, showed no decrease in microhardness.  相似文献
Routes to nano-phase nickel in the forms of highly porous sponges and dense films have been developed. Nickel acetate and nitrate were mixed with triethanolamine and methanol, and evaporated to a concentrated liquid. Heat-treatment at 10°C/min to 170°C under N2 atmosphere yielded a highly porous sponge consisting of <10 nm sized Ni crystallites. Deposition of a 1 M nickel precursor solution on polycrystalline Al2O3, SnO2 : F coated glass or titanium substrates spinning at 2700 rpm, followed by heat-treatment at 10°C/min to 400°C yielded smooth and dense nickel films consisting of 3–5 nm sized crystallites. The precursor concentrate was studied by FT-IR and the phase development on heat-treatment was studied by thermogravimetric analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy.  相似文献
合成了两类分别基于芘和蒽封端的芴-芳胺衍生物(FAn,FPy)的新型可溶液加工蓝色发光分子,两种材料均溶于常规的有机溶剂,并且可以旋涂成膜. 通过紫外-可见光谱和荧光光谱对其在溶液中和固态薄膜下的光学性能进行了表征,发现这两类分子在固态下发射峰分别位于449和465 nm,属于蓝色发光材料. 并通过循环伏安法表征了其电化学性能,计算得出FAn和FPy的最高占据分子轨道(HOMO)能级分别为-5.37 和-5.36eV. 结果表明N-己基二苯胺的引入有效阻止了分子在固态下的平面堆积,抑制了长波发射,并且提高了分子HOMO能级,改善了空穴注入能力. 差示扫描量热法(DSC)和热重分析(TGA)测试表明这两类化合物均显示出良好的热稳定性,其中FAn的玻璃化转变温度和热分解温度分别达到了207和439 ℃. 良好的性能使得这两类材料成为一种潜在的可溶液加工的蓝光材料.  相似文献
A series of novel solution-processable small-molecule host materials: 2DPF-TCz, 2SBF-TCz, 27DPF-TCz, and 27SBF-TCz comprising a fluorene monomer as the rigid core and tri-carbazole as the periphery have been designed and synthesized, and their optical, electrochemical, and thermal properties have been fully characterized. The host materials exhibit high glass-transition temperatures (231–310 °C) and high triplet energy levels (2.61–2.73 eV). High-quality amorphous thin films can be obtained by spin-coating the host materials from solutions. It is found that the HOMO level of the host materials can be tuned by linking the tri-carbazole unit to the 2,7 positions of the fluorine core, resulting in appropriate HOMO energy levels (−5.36 to −5.23 eV) for improved hole-injection in the device. Solution-processed blue and green electrophosphorescent devices bases on the developed host materials exhibit high efficiencies of 21.2 and 34.8 cd A−1, respectively.  相似文献
Photovoltaic performance of the organic solar cells(OSCs)based on 2-((5′-(4-((4-((E)-2-(5′-(2,2-dicyanovinyl)-3′,4-dihexyl-2,2′-bithiophen-5-yl)vinyl)phenyl)(phenyl)amino)styryl)-4,4′-dihexyl-2,2′-bithiophen-5-yl)methylene)malononitrile(L(TPAbTV-DCN))as donor and PC70BM as acceptor was optimized using 0.25 vol%high boiling point solvent additive of1-chloronaphthalene(CN),1,6-hexanedithiol(HDT),or 1,8-diodooctane(DIO).The optimized OSC based on L(TPA-bTVDCN)–PC70BM(1:2,w/w)with 0.25 vol%CN exhibits an enhanced power conversion efficiency(PCE)of 2.61%,with Voc of0.87 V,Jsc of 6.95 mA/cm2,and FF of 43.2%,under the illumination of 100 mW/cm2 AM 1.5 G simulated solar light,whereas the PCE of the OSC based on the same active layer without additive is only 1.79%.The effect of the additive on absorption spectra and the atomic force microscopy images of L(TPA-bTV-DCN)–PC70BM blend films were further investigated.The improved efficiency of the device could be ascribed to the enhanced absorption and optimized domain size in the L(TPA-bTV-DCN)–PC70BM blend film.  相似文献
A fluorinated tetracarboxylic dianhydride (amide-type TA-TFMB) was prepared from trimellitic anhydride chloride and 2,2′-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine (TFMB). A chemically imidized polyimide (PI) derived from TA-TFMB and TFMB was rather soluble in various solvents. Solution casting of this PI (TA-TFMB/TFMB) led to a flexible, non-turbid, and seemingly almost colorless PI film with a high Tg of 328 °C and a considerably low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of 9.9 ppm K−1 which results from significant in-plane chain orientation induced during solution casting. The self-orientation mechanism is discussed. The properties of TA-TFMB/TFMB were compared with those of some relevant systems. The results suggest that an electron-withdrawing effect of the 2,2′-CF3 substituents of TA-TFMB and a twisted conformation of the central biphenyl moiety greatly contribute to the suppressed coloration of the TA-TFMB/TFMB film. The use of a TA-TFMB counterpart (ester-type TA-TFBP) was effective for further enhancing the transparency owing to reduced charge-transfer interaction. However, the thermal properties of TA-TFBP/TFMB were not always satisfactory. Copolymerization using 2,3,6,7-naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride led to a PI film with an increased Tg of 277 °C and a very low CTE of 12.6 ppm K−1 without significant decreases in the transparency and the solubility. Thus, this work proposes promising candidates as novel heat-resistant plastic substrate materials in display devices.  相似文献
Anthracene and thiophene compounds are promising materials for OTFTs. We report here, the synthesis, as well as the physical, thermal, and optoelectronic properties of alkyl-substituted asymmetric anthracene–thiophene compounds connected by a bridged triple bond. The target molecules were synthesized using 2-bromoanthracene as the starting material, and the proceeding reactions included alkylation, bromination, and the Sonogashira coupling reaction. The synthesized compounds were both thermally and electrochemically stable. Among the synthesized compounds, HTEA (7a) and DTEA (7b) showed mobility and on/off ratio values of 1.3×10−1 cm2/V s, 2.6×106 and 2.0×10−2 cm2/V s, 1.0×106, respectively.  相似文献
采用新的化学溶液法,通过不同体积的钛酸四异丙酯的2-乙二醇单乙醚溶液与一定浓度的H2O2水溶液直接反应并对生成的钛过氧化配合物进行焙烧,制备了一系列TiO2光催化剂. 表征发现,所得TiO2样品为金红石和锐钛矿的纳米复合晶体,改变2-乙二醇单乙醚的体积可实现金红石相比例在0~96%广范围的调变.与商业二氧化钛P-25相比,所得的TiO2紫外-可见光吸收谱出现明显红移,间隙能降低, 在可见光照射下,该样品对亚甲基蓝有良好的降解活性. 当2-乙二醇单乙醚的添加量为5 ml时,所得样品体相中金红石相比例接近50%,其光催化活性和吸附性能最好,可分别是P-25的3倍和5倍. 拉曼光谱结合X射线衍射等表征结果表明,该样品的表面仅含少量的金红石相. TiO2纳米复合晶表面晶相的组成和分布对其光催化降解亚甲基蓝的活性及其吸附能力有直接的影响. 另外,TiO2纳米复合晶的缺陷浓度也是增强其光吸收能力,提高其可见光光催化活性的原因之一.  相似文献
This paper reports the synthesis and physical properties of a series of bipolar host materials, using of a hole-transporting triphenylamine (TPA) monomer as a core incorporated with different numbers of diphenylphosphine oxide (PO) as electron-transporting moieties, 4-(diphenylphosphoryl)-N,N-diphenylaniline (DDPA), 4-(diphenylphosphoryl)-N-(4-(diphenylphosphoryl)phenyl)-N-phenylaniline (DDPP), and tris(4-(diphenylphosphoryl)phenyl)amine (TDPA), for solution-processed deep-blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices (PhOLEDs). With the increasing numbers of PO units, the glass-transition temperature of those compounds rise gradually. Moreover, the newly synthesized compounds all possess high triplet energies, which can prevent back energy transfer between the host and dopant molecules, and are expected to serve as appropriate hosts for iridium(III) tris(3,5-difluoro-4-cyanophenyl)pyridinato-N,C′ (FCNIrpic). The solution-processed devices using DDPP and TDPA as the hosts for the phosphorescence emitter FCNIrpic showed the maximum luminance efficiencies of 9.7 and 6.6 cd A−1, respectively. The efficiency of TDPA based device shows nearly three times higher than the value of commonly used host material 1,3-bis(9-carbazolyl)benzene (mCP) with the same structure, which is outstanding with respect to other works related to the solution-processed deep-blue PhOLEDs based on small-molecule hosts.  相似文献
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