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A UPLC/MS/MS method with simple protein precipitation has been validated for the fast simultaneous analysis of agomelatine, asenapine, amisulpride, iloperidone, zotepine, melperone, ziprasidone, vilazodone, aripiprazole and its metabolite dehydro‐aripiprazole in human serum. Alprenolol was applied as an internal standard. A BEH C18 (2.1 × 50 mm, 1.7 µm) column provided chromatographic separation of analytes using a binary mobile phase gradient (A, 2 mmol/L ammonium acetate, 0.1% formic acid in 5% acetonitrile, v/v/v; B, 2 mmol/L ammonium acetate, 0.1% formic acid in 95% acetonitrile, v/v/v). Mass spectrometric detection was performed in the positive electrospray ionization mode and ion suppression owing to matrix effects was evaluated. The validation criteria were determined: linearity, precision, accuracy, recovery, limit of detection, limit of quantification, reproducibility and matrix effect. The concentration range was as follows: 0.25–1000 ng/mL for agomelatine; 0.25–100 ng/mL for asenapine and iloperidone; 2.5–1000 ng/mL for amisulpride, aripiprazole, vilazodone and zotepine; 2.3–924.6 ng/mL for dehydroaripiprazole; 2.2–878.4 ng/mL for melperone; and 2.2–883.5 ng/mL for ziprasidone. Limits of quantitation below a therapeutic reference range were achieved for all analytes. Intra‐run precision of 0.4–5.5 %, inter‐run precision of 0.6–8.2% and overall recovery of 87.9–114.1% were obtained. The validated method was successfully implemented into routine practice for therapeutic drug monitoring in our hospital. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献
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Ion exchange chromatography, an alternative to reversed‐phase (RP) chromatography, is described in this paper. We aimed to obtain optimal conditions for the separation of basic drugs because silica‐based RP stationary phases show silanol effect and make the analysis of basic analytes hardly possible. The retention, separation selectivity, symmetry of peaks and system efficiency were examined in different eluent systems containing different types of buffers at acidic pH and with the addition of organic modifiers: methanol and acetonitrile. The obtained results reveal a large influence of the salt cation used for buffer preparation and the type of organic modifier on the retention behavior of the analytes. These results were also compared with those obtained on an XBridge C18 column. The obtained results demonstrated that SCX stationary phases can be successfully used as alternatives to C18 stationary phases in the separation of basic compounds. The most selective and efficient chromatographic systems were applied for the quantification of some psychotropic drugs in fortified human serum samples. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献
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