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The international joint project HYCREF (Contract No. G6RD-CT-2002-00854), funded by the European Commission in the 5th Framework programme, aimed to develop methods to prepare homogeneous and stable reference materials of water, soil, and waste contaminated with mineral oil hydrocarbons and to certify the mineral oil content by gas chromatographic methods. The results of a feasibility study for the preparation of three soil reference materials are discussed in this paper, and for the preparation of three waste reference materials in the second part (Koch et al., Accred Qual Assur submitted for publication). The soil materials were selected to represent different soil types and contamination levels. The project plan set three requirements for these reference materials: uncertainty in the mineral oil content resulting from the certification exercise <5%, a sample inhomogeneity of <3% and a minimum long-term stability of 5 years. For the most part, these requirements were met within this project.  相似文献
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The 2-year international joint project HYCREF (Contract-No. G6RD-CT-2002-00854), funded by the European Commission in the 5th Framework programme, aimed to develop methods to prepare homogenous and stable water-, soil- and waste reference materials contaminated with mineral oil hydrocarbons and to test certify the mineral oil content by gas chromatographic methods. As mineral oil products are important sources for environmental contaminations, appropriate reference materials certified by using the new gas chromatographic methods (soil: ISO/FDIS 16703, waste: prEN 14039 and KW/04, water: ISO 9377-2) are highly needed. Additional to the HYCREF-results presented in part I–mineral contaminated soils–this second paper gives an overview of the feasibility study for the preparation and test certification of three waste reference materials (offshore marine sediment, building material and industrial waste). The following specifications, which had been defined in the project work plan, were reached successfully: uncertainty of the mineral oil content resulting from the certification exercise ≤5% and a between-bottle inhomogeneity of ≤3%. All three materials have been evaluated for long- and short term stability. They contain different levels and types of mineral oil and cover the full application range of ISO/FDIS 16703 and prEN 14039 (100–10,000 mg/kg). The expanded uncertainties U cert of the three materials are about 6%. In this way, they are comparable to ERM®-CC015a (U cert=7.1%, mineral oil in a river sediment) and are suited to close the present gap of commercially available CRM for mineral oil determination in waste.  相似文献
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