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A novel electrochemical redox-active nanocomposite was synthesized by a one-pot method using N,N′-diphenyl-p-phenylediamine as monomer, and HAuCl4 and K2PtCl4 as co-oxidizing agents. The as-prepared poly(N,N′-diphenyl-p-phenylediamine)-Au/Pt exhibited admirable electrochemical redox activity at 0.15 V, excellent H2O2 electrocatalytic ability and favorable electron transfer ability. Based on these, the evaluation of the composite as sensing substrate for label-free electrochemical immunosensing to the sensitive detection of carbohydrate antigen 199 was described. This technique proved to be a prospective detection tool with a wide liner range from 0.001 U mL−1 to 40 U mL−1, and a low detection limit of 2.3 × 10−4 U mL−1 (S/N = 3). In addition, this method was used for the analysis of human serum sample, and good agreement was obtained between the values and those of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, implying the potential application in clinical research. Importantly, the strategy of the present substrate could be extended to other polymer-based nanocomposites such as polypyrrole derivatives or polythiophene derivatives, and this could be of great significance for the electrochemical immunoassay.  相似文献
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采用聚硫堇(PTH)修饰电极为传感界面提供一个生物修饰功能基质膜,借助纳米金(GNPs)的导电性、生物相容性与高比表面积特性实现抗体的有效固定,并以亚甲基蓝(MB)为电子媒介加速电极表面电化学反应的电子传递,构建了一种高灵敏的非标记电化学免疫传感器,用于贝类毒素大田软海绵酸(OA)的检测。当分子结构中含有羧基和酚基的OA与其抗体特异性结合后,生成以阴离子形式存在的抗原-抗体复合物,阻碍了传感器表面电子的传递,导致峰电流下降。利用免疫反应前后峰电流的变化,可对OA进行特异性识别和准确定量。在优化实验条件下,OA浓度的对数在0.2~100 μg/L范围内与其峰电流的变化值(ΔI)呈线性相关,线性方程为ΔI=1.721 7+1.083 6lgρ,相关系数为0.992 0,检出限为0.1 μg/L。该免疫传感器重现性好、特异性强,用于实际贝类样品的测定,回收率为85.3%~112%。  相似文献
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