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杜爱玲 《电化学》1999,5(4):433-436
应用乙烯基共聚物加导电填料制备可任意改变形状的柔性电极,对电极的电阻进行了测定。并在几种溶液中,以柔性电极为辅助阳极,对碳钢进行外加电流的阴极保护,测定了柔性电极的保护能力。  相似文献
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李辉  彭海琳  刘忠范 《物理化学学报》2012,28(10):2423-2435
拓扑绝缘体是一种全新的量子功能材料, 具有绝缘性体能带结构和受时间反演对称性保护的自旋分辨的金属表面态, 属于Dirac 粒子系统, 将在新原理纳电子器件、自旋器件、量子计算、表面催化和清洁能源等方面有广泛的应用前景. 理论和实验相继证实Sb2Te3, Bi2Se3和Bi2Te3单晶具有较大的体能隙和单一Dirac 锥表面态, 已经迅速成为了拓扑绝缘体研究中的热点材料. 然而, 利用传统的高温烧结法所制成的拓扑绝缘体单晶块体样品常存在大量本征缺陷并被严重掺杂, 拓扑表面态的新奇性质很容易被体载流子掩盖. 拓扑绝缘体二维纳米结构具有超高比表面积和能带结构的可调控性, 能显著降低体态载流子的比例和凸显拓扑表面态, 并易于制备高结晶质量的单晶样品, 各种低维异质结构以及平面器件. 近年来, 我们一直致力于发展拓扑绝缘体二维纳米结构的控制生长方法和物性研究. 我们发展了拓扑绝缘体二维纳米结构的范德华外延方法, 实现了高质量大比表面积的拓扑绝缘体二维纳米结构的可控制备, 并实现了定点与定向的表面生长. 开展拓扑绝缘体二维纳米结构的谱学研究, 利用角分辨光电子能谱直接观察到拓扑绝缘体狄拉克锥形的表面电子能带结构, 发现了拉曼强度与位移随层数的依赖关系. 设计并构建拓扑绝缘体纳米结构器件, 系统研究其新奇物性, 观测到拓扑绝缘体Bi2Se3表面态的Aharonov-Bohm (AB)量子干涉效应等新奇量子现象, 通过栅电压实现了拓扑绝缘体纳米薄片化学势的调控, 并将拓扑绝缘体纳米结构应用于柔性透明导电薄膜. 本文首先简单介绍拓扑绝缘体的发展现状, 然后系统介绍我们开展的拓扑绝缘体二维纳米结构的范德华外延生长、谱学、电学输运特性以及透明柔性导电薄膜应用的研究, 最后对该领域所面临的机遇和挑战进行简要的展望.  相似文献
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The increasing demands for portable, wearable, and implantable sensing devices have stimulated growing interest in innovative electrode materials. In this work, we have demonstrated that printing a conductive ink formulated by blending three-dimensional (3D) porous graphene–carbon nanotube (CNT) assembly with ionic liquid (IL) on two-dimensional (2D) graphene paper (GP), leads to a freestanding GP supported graphene–CNT–IL nanocomposite (graphene–CNT–IL/GP). The incorporation of highly conductive CNTs into graphene assembly effectively increases its surface area and improves its electrical and mechanical properties. The graphene–CNT–IL/GP, as freestanding and flexible substrates, allows for efficient loading of PtAu alloy nanoparticles by means of ultrasonic-electrochemical deposition. Owing to the synergistic effect of PtAu alloy nanoparticles, 3D porous graphene–CNT scaffold, IL binder and 2D flexible GP substrate, the resultant lightweight nanohybrid paper electrode exhibits excellent sensing performances in nonenzymatic electrochemical detection of glucose in terms of sensitivity, selectivity, reproducibility and mechanical properties.  相似文献
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Recent advances in on-body wearable medical apparatus and implantable devices drive the development of light-weight and bendable electrochemical sensors, which require the design of high-performance flexible electrode system. In this work, we reported a new type of freestanding and flexible electrode based on graphene paper (GP) supported 3D monolithic nanoporous gold (NPG) scaffold (NPG/GP), which was further modified by a layer of highly dense, well dispersed and ultrafine binary PtCo alloy nanoparticles via a facile and effective ultrasonic electrodeposition method. Our results demonstrated that benefited from the synergistic effect of the electrocatalytically active PtCo alloy nanoparticles, the large-active-area and highly conductive 3D NPG scaffold, and the mechanically strong and stable GP electrode substrate, the resultant PtCo alloy nanoparticles modified NPG/GP (PtCo/NPG/GP) exhibited high mechanical strength and good electrochemical sensing performances toward nonenzymatic detection of glucose, including a wide linear range from 35 μM– to 30 mM, a low detection limit of 5 μM (S/N = 3) and a high sensitivity of 7.84 μA cm−2 mM−1 as well as good selectivity, long-term stability and reproducibility. The practical application of the proposed PtCo/NPG/GP has also been demonstrated in in vitro detection of blood glucose in real clinic samples.  相似文献
5.
Recent progress in flexible and lightweight electrochemical sensor systems requires the development of paper-like electrode materials. Here, we report a facile and green synthesis of a new type of MnO2 nanowires–graphene nanohybrid paper by one-step electrochemical method. This strategy demonstrates a collection of unique features including the effective electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO) paper and the high loading of MnO2 nanowires on electrochemical reduced GO (ERGO) paper. When used as flexible electrode for nonenzymatic detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), MnO2–ERGO paper exhibits high electrocatalytic activity toward the redox of H2O2 as well as excellent stability, selectivity and reproducibility. The amperometric responses are linearly proportional to H2O2 concentration in the range 0.1–45.4 mM, with a detection limit of 10 μM (S/N = 3) and detection sensitivity of 59.0 μA cm−2 mM−1. These outstanding sensing performances enable the practical application of MnO2–ERGO paper electrode for the real-time tracking H2O2 secretion by live cells macrophages. Therefore, the proposed graphene-based nanohybrid paper electrode with intrinsic flexibility, tailorable shapes and adjustable properties can contribute to the full realization of high-performance flexible electrode material used in point-of-care testing devices and portable instruments for in-vivo clinical diagnostics and on-site environmental monitoring.  相似文献
6.
Manipulating nanowire assembly could help the design of hierarchical structures with unique functionalities. Herein, we first report a facile solution‐based process under ambient conditions for co‐assembling two kinds of nanowires which have suitable composition and functionalities, such as Ag and Te nanowires, for the fabrication of flexible transparent electrodes. Then Te nanowires can be etched away easily, leaving Ag nanowire networks with controllable pitch. By manipulating the assembly of Ag and Te nanowires, we can precisely tailor and balance the optical transmittance and the conductivity of the resulting flexible transparent electrodes. The network of Ag nanowires which have tunable pitch forms a flexible transparent conducting electrode with an averaged transmission of up to 97.3 % and sheet resistances as low as 2.7 Ω/sq under optimized conditions. The work provides a new way for tailoring the properties of nanowire‐based devices.  相似文献
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