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1.
吴红丽  张伟  宫声凯 《化学学报》2008,66(14):1669-1675
采用第一原理方法, 研究了Nb元素对TiAl金属间化合物电子结构及其对Ti, Al和O原子键合作用的影响. 研究结果表明, Nb元素对富Ti和富Al的TiAl金属间化合物体系电子结构及键合作用的影响不同. 对于富Ti的TiAl金属间化合物体系, Nb原子取代Ti晶格位置后, 减小了Ti费米能级处的电子密度, 削弱了Ti原子与O原子间的相互作用; 同时增强了Al原子中s电子和O原子中p电子的相互作用. 而Nb原子对富Al的TiAl金属间化合物体系中Ti/Al与O的相互作用影响较小. 同时, 向TiAl金属间化合物中掺杂Nb元素, 增大了TiO2的生成能垒, 减小了Al2O3的生成能垒, 有利于促进抗氧化膜Al2O3的生成. 因此, 添加合金化元素Nb有利于提高TiAl金属间化合物的抗氧化性能, 这与实验报道相一致.  相似文献
2.
α-SrMnO3电子结构的第一性原理研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
采用平面波赝势方法对钙钛矿型锰酸盐氧化合物α-SrMnO3的电子结构进行了第一性原理研究. 六方钙钛矿型结构α-SrMnO3化合物为磁性绝缘体, 磁基态对应于共面八面体及共顶点八面体间的磁性交换作用均为反铁磁性(AFM), 其禁带宽度为1.6 eV; 费米能级附近的Mn3d态与O2p态存在很强的杂化作用, 属于共价绝缘体, 这种强共价性使得Mn4+的自旋磁矩偏离理想值. 采用Noodleman的对称性破缺方法, 根据α-SrMnO3不同磁有序态的总能量拟合出α-SrMnO3中的自旋交换耦合常数. α-SrMnO3的局部微结构(Mn—O—Mn)决定了整个体系的特殊磁性交换作用. 共面及共顶点的八面体间均存在AFM交换作用, 并且共顶点八面体间的AFM作用比较强.  相似文献
3.
采用密度泛函理论(DFT)平面波赝势方法计算了N/F掺杂和N-F双掺杂锐钛矿相TiO2(101)表面的电子结构.由于DFT方法存在对过渡金属氧化物带隙能的计算结果总是与实际值严重偏离的缺陷,本文也采用DFT+U(Hubbard系数)方法对模型的电子结构进行了计算.DFT的计算结果表明N掺杂后,N2p轨道与O 2p和Ti 3d价带轨道的混合会导致TiO2带隙能的降低,而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入对材料的电子结构没有明显的影响.DFT+U的计算却给出截然不间的结果,N掺杂并没有导致带隙能的降低,而只是在带隙中引入一个孤立的杂质能级,反而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入带来明显的带隙能降低.DFT+U的计算结果与一些实验测量结果能够较好地符合.  相似文献
4.
采用密度泛函理论(DFT)平面波赝势方法计算了N/F掺杂和N-F双掺杂锐钛矿相TiO2(101)表面的电子结构. 由于DFT方法存在对过渡金属氧化物带隙能的计算结果总是与实际值严重偏离的缺陷, 本文也采用DFT+U(Hubbard 系数)方法对模型的电子结构进行了计算. DFT的计算结果表明N掺杂后, N 2p轨道与O 2p和Ti 3d价带轨道的混合会导致TiO2带隙能的降低, 而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入对材料的电子结构没有明显的影响. DFT+U的计算却给出截然不同的结果, N掺杂并没有导致带隙能的降低, 而只是在带隙中引入一个孤立的杂质能级, 反而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入带来明显的带隙能降低. DFT+U的计算结果与一些实验测量结果能够较好地符合.  相似文献
5.
We review a direct dynamics method for the simulation of metal|water interfaces. The occupancy of on-top binding sites for water in this model as applied to a (100) surface of ‘copper' is very sensitive to potential. We suggest that this may account for some previously unexplained features of X-ray data on water structure and noble metal|water interfaces. We discuss the problem of statistical fluctuations on the occupancy of such tightly bound water molecules in such simulations. Though the problem is not too serious for charged interfaces, the problem of accounting for fluctuations at zero charge can be quite formidable, as we illustrate for the (100) surface of copper.  相似文献
6.
Electronic structures of monoclinic LiMnO2 and LiMn0.9375Al0.0625O2 with ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering have been investigated by ab initio calculation within spin-polarized generalized gradient approximation method. An Al-doping induced complicated AF configuration has been calculated to be the ground state, which suggests a robust Al-doping effect on the magnetic and electronic structures of the monoclinic LiMnO2. The calculated Mulliken population analyses and partial density of states of Mn-3d and O-2p reveal that a single Al dopant stabilizes its six nearest-neighbor Mn ions in their respective octahedral sites, thereby hindering the migration of Mn ions into the interlayer Li sites during the Li intercalation-deintercalation and therefore improving both the structural stability and the electrochemical performance of the material. Additionally, it is found out that the Al-doping can decrease the JT effect and increase the intercalation voltage. The Al-doping-induced negative formation energy indicates that 6.25% Mn ions in monoclinic LiMnO2 can be substituted stably by Al ions, to which the equilibrium but not metastable phase of monoclinic LiMn0.9375Al0.0625O2 can be attributed.  相似文献
7.
We present a first principles study of the equilibrium structures and relative thermodynamic stability of the three observed polymorphs of rhodium(III) sesquioxide. The thermodynamic Gibbs free energies for each phase are calculated as a function of P and T based on the electronic total energy, as well as vibrational energy and vibrational entropy contributions in the local harmonic (LH) approximation. The results confirm that Rh2O3 I is a low-temperature, low-pressure form and Rh2O3 II is a high-pressure form. A breakdown in the LH approximation at high T is then discussed and to address this breakdown an empirically corrected local harmonic (ECLH) approximation is introduced. ECLH demonstrates that the high-temperature, low-pressure form Rh2O3 III is entropically stabilized and produces a partitioning of phase space that is consistent with published experimental investigations.  相似文献
8.
In this paper, we investigated the 4f-5d transition energy of Ce3+ in various fluoride hosts based on the first-principles discrete-variational Dirac-Slater (DV-DS) calculations using Slater's transition-state theory. Especially, we focused on the lowest energy peak (1st peak) of 4f-5d transition for Ce3+ impurities. As the host crystals, we adopted the 15 fluorides, for which the experimental data of the lowest energy peak (1st peak) in 4f-5d transitions were available from literature except for NaMgF3 and BaMgF4. A high correlation between the experimental 1st peak energies and the theoretical ones was obtained which suggests a possibility to predict the 4f-5d transition energy of Ce3+ in various fluoride hosts using the first-principles calculation.  相似文献
9.
Systematic calculations of multiplet energy levels of all trivalent lanthanides in LiYF4 (YLF) crystal were performed using two completely different approaches: diagonalization of the commonly used semi-empirical Hamiltonian and a fully relativistic discrete-variational multi-electron (DV-ME) method which is based on a first-principles configuration-interaction (CI) calculation program using molecular spinors obtained by the discrete-variational Dirac-Slater (DV-DS) calculations. The energy level diagrams within 4fn electron configurations were obtained by the former method, while those including both 4fn and 4fn−15d1 configurations were obtained by the latter. Using the explicit many-electron wave functions, the absorption spectra of Pr3+, Ho3+, and Tm3+ in YLF were calculated and compared with the experimental data.  相似文献
10.
The stability and electronic structure of perovskite hydrides ABH3 were investigated by means of first-principles density functional calculations. Two types of perovskite hydrides are distinguished: (1) When A and B are alkali and alkaline earth metals, the hydrides are ionic compounds with calculated band gaps of around 2 eV and higher. Their stability trend follows basically the concept of Goldschmidt's tolerance factor. (2) When A is one of the heavier alkaline earth metals (Ca, Sr, Ba) and B a transition metal, stable compounds ABH3 result only when B is from the Fe, Co, or Ni groups. This stability trend is basically determined by effects associated with d band filling of both the transition metal and the hydride. In contrast to group (1) perovskites, the transition metal-containing compounds are metals. The synthesis of CaNiH3 and its structure determination from CaNiD3 is reported. This compound is a type (2) perovskite hydride with a fully occupied hydrogen position (CaNiD3: a=3.551(4) Å, dNi-D=1.776(2) Å). Its stability is discussed with respect to transition metal hydrides with complex anions (e.g., Mg2NiH4, Na2PdH2, Sr2PdH4).  相似文献
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