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1.
Aiming for the highly sensitive analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in organic mixtures, selective ionization using an ultraviolet laser ionization technique was examined for the determination of sputtered neutral species on organic surfaces. The mass spectrum of a model mixture containing pyrene and n‐alkane showed that only pyrene was ionized and detected, whereas a mass spectrum without laser irradiation, i.e. in the case of secondary ion mass spectrometry, was dominated by many n‐alkane fragment peaks. This technique was applied for the detection of polyaromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on diesel exhaust particles. Two kinds of polyaromatic hydrocarbons were clearly detected because many aliphatic fragment signals were suppressed by means of ultraviolet laser ionization. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
2.
The subject of this work is the definition of a simple model based on general ITP theory that allows describing and predicting the behavior of ITP systems compatible with ESI‐MS detection. The model is exemplified by anionic ITP of weak acids that represent an interesting potential application field of ITP‐ESI‐MS. Suitable ESI‐compatible electrolyte systems of very simple composition are proposed including a special free‐acid ITP arrangement. The properties of these systems are discussed using illustrative diagrams of their stacking windows. The use of anionic ITP‐ESI‐MS in negative‐ion ESI mode is reported for the first time and its suitability for sensitive trace analysis is demonstrated. The presented ITP‐ESI‐MS application example comprises a free‐acid ITP system formed of formic and propionic acids and direct injection analysis of ibuprofen and diclofenac in waters with quantitation limits of the order 10?10 M.  相似文献   
3.
Adsorption processes on a PMMA chip linked with CZE separations of a group of 13 aliphatic and aromatic mono‐ and di‐amines were studied. Due to the lack of chromophores within aliphatic amines, contact conductivity detection implemented directly onto the chip was used for monitoring of cationic CZE separations. To prevent an adsorption of studied amines to the chip channels, the surface of PMMA chip was modified by dynamic coating. Different surface modifiers, such as aliphatic oligoamines (diethylenetriamine and triethylenetetramine), were added to the BGE solutions filling the chip channels. The effect of various concentrations of surface modifiers on peak profiles and separation parameters of amines was monitored. Of these, mainly, aliphatic di‐amines and aromatic mono‐amines adversely affected the CZE resolution of a whole group of analytes by their strong adsorption to the chip channels. A propionate BGE with pH 3.2 containing 100 μM triethylenetetramine and 25 mM 18‐crown‐6‐ether was found suitable for CZE resolution of 12 from a total of 13 amines studied. Simple dynamic modification of the surface of PMMA chip enabled fast (analysis time lasted 9 min), sensitive (sub‐μM LODs reached) and reproducible (1–3% RSD of the peak areas) CZE analysis of the aliphatic and aromatic amines.  相似文献   
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As a noncovalent fluorescence probe, in this study, salicylaldehyde azine (SA) was introduced as a sensitive fluorescence‐based dye for detecting proteins both in 1D and 2D polyacrylamide electrophoresis gels. Down to 0.2 ng of single protein band could be detected within 1 h, which is similar to that of glutaraldehyde‐silver stain, but approximately four times higher than that of SYPRO Ruby fluorescent stain. Furthermore, comparative analysis of the MS compatibility of SA stain with SYPRO Ruby stain indicated that SA stain is compatible with the downstream of protein identification by LC‐MS/MS. Additionally, the probable mechanism of the SA stain was investigated by molecular docking. The results demonstrated that the interaction between SA and protein was mainly contributed by hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic forces.  相似文献   
6.
In this paper, we demonstrate how to apply recently discovered ferromagnetic nematic liquid crystal for visualisation of magnetic fields. The material exhibits strong optical response to both external electric and magnetic fields, which gives us an opportunity to use it for the detection of an area of magnetic vector field in a way that both, the magnitude and the direction of a given field can be simultaneously measured. We discuss the physical model that describes the behaviour of ferromagnetic liquid crystal placed in a liquid crystal cell and demonstrate the method of extracting the information about an arbitrary magnetic field from the combination of magneto-optic and electro-optic response of the sample placed in that field. We have applied the principle to a special case, where magnetic field was visualised on a 2D area near a cylindrical permanent magnet.  相似文献   
7.
A novel fluorescent probe, LCH , based on dicyanisophorone and carbazole, was prepared for the visual detection of Cu2+. The probe LCH could recognize Cu2+ by fluorescence quenching in EtOH/H2O (1/4, v/v) solution, which could be easily identified under the 365 nm UV lamp, and the detection limit was as low as 0.785 μM. The recognition mechanism of probe LCH with Cu2+ was determined by combining 1H NMR titration, MS, and theoretical calculations. Practical application experiments showed that probe LCH could be used to detect Cu2+ in the test strip experiments. Cell imaging experiments showed that the probe LCH owned good cell permeability and could be applied to the imaging of Cu2+ in HepG2 cells. In addition, fluorescence colocalization experiments showed that LCH could target lipid droplets. These results indicate that the probe LCH will have a good application prospect in environmental detection and clinical medicine.  相似文献   
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9.
以青霉胺(DPA)为还原剂和稳定剂,通过一锅法一步制备了青霉胺稳定的铜/银双金属纳米簇(DPA-Cu/Ag NCs),并将其作为一种传感器用于检测水样中的银离子。该银离子传感器具有价格低廉、分析速度快速、选择性高等特点。采用透射电子显微镜(TEM)等方法表征了DPA-Cu/Ag NCs的结构及其化学组成,并通过荧光光谱和紫外-可见光谱法研究了DPA-Cu/Ag NCs的光学性质。结果表明,该DPA-Cu/Ag NCs在激发波长为300 nm时的最大发射波长为555 nm,其溶液在可见光照射下呈现乳白色,在紫外灯照射下则呈现出明亮的黄色荧光。在DPA-Cu/Ag NCs的制备条件达到最优化的情况下,可以将其作为探针,用来高选择性、高灵敏性地检测银离子。该探针检测银离子的检测限为0.3μmol/L,线性范围为0~500μmol/L。该DPA-Cu/Ag NCs探针还可应用于自然环境水样(湖水、瓶装矿泉水和实验室自来水)中银离子浓度的检测,其检测性能十分优异且具有良好的准确度和重现性,表明DPA-Cu/Ag NCs探针在环境检测方面有非常高的应用价值。  相似文献   
10.
基于激光不同波段的探测传输特点,通过分析典型微小摄像头的回波传输特性,提出了一种针对多波长激光特征检测微小摄像头的研究方案。利用几何光学和波动光学理论,分析微小摄像头结构及其反射光谱特征,计算并仿真了一定探测距离下的回波光场,在此基础上搭建多波长激光检测系统。实验结果表明,在一定的景深范围内,具有红外截止滤光片的微小摄像头对可见光的回波光斑衍射环特征明显、条纹对比度高且可探测距离远;近红外波段的目标回波功率低、后向散射干扰严重,可探测距离近;短波红外波段几乎不受红外截止滤光片影响,且1550 nm处于人眼安全波段。实验结果与数值分析、理论仿真结果一致,验证了短波红外激光用于探测微小摄像头的可行性。  相似文献   
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