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王俊  李珺  李翠勤  施伟光 《化学通报》2015,78(3):268-268
天然生物质腰果壳液中的主要组分腰果酚可替代石油酚,广泛应用于油田、涂料等领域;腰果酸和强心酚具有较高的反应活性,通过化学改性,可广泛应用于医药和材料领域,且各组分均具有很好的生物降解性。然而,各组分的精确分离成为腰果壳液广泛应用的关键。本文通过对国内外腰果壳液的分离方法的系统总结,综述了腰果酚、腰果酸、强心酚的精细分离方法以及其优缺点,并对各组分的应用前景进行了简单的介绍和展望,为这类来源广泛的生物质的应用提供理论支持。  相似文献
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Anacardium occidentale belongs to the family Anacardiaceae and is principally grown in tropical America (Mexico, Peru, Brazil, etc.) and India. Cashew nuts contain low amounts of hydroxy alkyl phenols that come from an oily liquid present in their shell and that is known as cashew-nut shell liquid. This paper reports the alkyl phenols composition of cold pressed raw and roasted cashew nut oil. First of all, cashew nut shell liquid was used for a basic fractionation of the alkyl phenol classes by preparative TLC and definitively identified by GC-MS and GC-FID. Anacardic acids were the major alkylphenols contained in both oils followed by cardol, cardanol and 2-methylcardol compounds, respectively. Raw and roasted oils did not show different compositions except for cardanols. The oil produced from roasted cashew nut reported a higher concentration of cardanols. Furthermore, tocopherols and other minor polar compounds were determined by HPLC-FLD and HPLC-DAD-MS, respectively. Tocopherol content varied in a range of 171.48-29.56mg/100g from raw to roasted cashew nut oil, being β-tocopherol the one which presented a higher decrease (93.68%). Also minor polar compounds in cashew oil decreased after roasting from 346.52 to 262.83mg/kg.  相似文献
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