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1.
Ru上有氧条件下氨分解的动力学研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
IthasbeenshownthatRuisvalidforthesyn thesisanddecompositionofammonia[1,2 ] .FurtherstudyofammoniaadsorptionanditsdecompositionproductsdesorptiononRuwillbeimportant .Previ ousstudiesofammoniaadsorptiononRumainlyfo cusedontheammoniasynthesisandhydrogenpro ductionintheabsenceofoxygen[3] ,onlyafewinves tigationsonammoniadecompositioninthepresenceofoxygenhavebeenreported[4 ,5] ,andtheeffectofad sorbedoxygenontheratesofammoniadecompositionandproductformationonRuarestillnotwellunder stood .Inthispa…  相似文献
2.
Ammonia Decomposition over Bimetallic Nitrides Supported on g-Al_2O_3   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Transition metal nitrides belong to a class of interstitial compounds, in which nitrogen atoms replace oxygen. They possess some technologically useful properties as packaging materials, structural materials and catalytic materials. Since Boudart1 succeeded to prepare high specific surface area g-Mo2N in 1985 using the NH3 temperatureprogrammed reduction method, transition metal nitrides have attracted much attention as potential catalysts owing to their similarity with the group VIII met…  相似文献
3.
The unimolecular decompositions of NH3 on polycrystalline wires and foils of Pd and Ir are examined and compared with the corresponding ones on Pt and Rh. The reactions were carried out in a differential flow reactor, at pressures from 0.01 to 1 Torr and temperatures from 500 to 1900 K. It was found that the rates of product formation could be fit by Langmuir-Hinshelwood unimolecular rate expressions, with an accuracy of ±20% under all conditions. Ammonia decomposes to N2 and the rate of decomposition is fastest on Ir by several orders of magnitude when compared with that on the other metals, becoming flux limited above about 750 K. Ir appears to be the choice catalyst for dehydrogenating ammonia. The heats of adsorption of NH3 on Pt, Rh and Pd are similar and equal to 16.7, 16.8 and 17.4 kcal/mol, respectively. The apparent activation energy for this reaction is similar on Pt and Rh and equal to 21 kcal/mol, while for Pd and Ir it is 26.2 and 31.2 kcal/mol, respectively.  相似文献
4.
研究了Ni- 3催化剂分解氨的动力学。考察了各种反应条件如温度、空速以及气体中的氨和氢的浓度对反应的影响,确立了氨催化分解动力学方程式。当操作空速为3000h- 1 时,在580 ~630℃的温度区间内,反应主要受化学反应控制;在630~700℃的温度区间内,反应受扩散影响较为严重;在700℃以上的温度区间内,反应在一定程度上受平衡的影响。随着空速的增大反应速率增大,但转化率却有所减小;气体中氨浓度的增大对反应转化率没有什么影响,氢浓度的增大使反应转化率明显减小。在580~630℃的温度范围内,空速3000h- 1 的操作条件下动力学方程式如下:R= 3.423×1013e- 276 .45 ×103RT CNH3·C- 1-5H2  相似文献
5.
用湿式浸渍法制备了不同贵金属质量分数的镍-铱双金属催化剂,以氨分解为模型反应对其催化性能进行考察.结果表明,贵金属铱的添加提高了10%Ni/γ-Al2O3的低温活性.在铱的质量分数不高于1%时,氨分解反应活性随铱质量分数的增加出现最大值(相应的Ir质量分数为0.7%),对应的10%Ni-0.7%Ir/γ-Al2O3催化剂在400 ℃时,氨分解率为43.55%,较单组分的Ni催化剂高40.0%.用H2-TPR、H2-TPD 、BET和XRD表征方法对催化剂进行了表征.结果表明,Ir与活性组分Ni之间存在协同作用.铱的添加促进了活性组分的分散、减小了镍的晶粒尺寸,且增加了催化剂活性位的数量,从而提高了催化剂的氨分解性能.  相似文献
6.
倪平  储伟  罗仕忠  王晓东  张涛 《合成化学》2007,15(4):407-411,416
研究了浸渍法制备的Ba修饰S iO2担载型铱(Ir)基催化剂(Ba-Ir/S iO2)在氨催化分解模型反应的作用。结果表明Ba的添加显著提高了催化剂的活性和稳定性。采用H2-TPR和H2-TPD对Ba-Ir/SiO2进行分析和研究,结果显示助催化剂Ba和活性催化组分Ir之间发生了强相互作用。Ba-Ir/SiO2在氨催化分解模型反应中的主要活性物种是零价态的Ir。  相似文献
7.
The paper reports the thermal decomposition of ammonia under dynamic conditions at 800°C in a quartz reactor. Its purpose is to confirm the homogeneous-heterogeneous degenerated branched chain mechanism established in previous studies, which assume the formation of N2H4 as a molecular intermediate; this paper identifies hydrazine as a product of thermal decomposition using FT-IR and UV-VIS spectroscopies.  相似文献
8.
The influence of preparation conditions (e.g. H2-N2 ratios, final nitriding temperatures) on the performance of MoNx/SBA-15 catalysts for ammonia decomposition was investigated. The variation of catalytic activity with H2-N2 ratios may be attributed to the variation of surface compositions and particle sizes of the active components. The variation of nitriding temperatures leads to the formation of molybdenum nitride domains of varying compositions, which are responsible for the difference in their catalytic performance with respect to ammonia decomposition. At 923 K. ammonia could be completely decomposed using 15800 ml/h·gcat of GHSVNH,, which shows high performance for the catalytic decomposition of ammonia.  相似文献
9.
 研究了鱼骨式碳纤维 (CNFs) 和管式碳纤维 (CNTs) 负载 Ru 催化剂的氨分解反应活性. 结果表明, Ru/CNFs 催化剂上氨分解活性高于 Ru/CNTs 催化剂. 通过改变 Ru 负载量或载体表面的含氧基团来调节 Ru 的粒径. Ru 的活性位随着 Ru 颗粒尺寸的增大而增加. CNFs 上的含氧基团对 Ru 颗粒的氨分解活性影响很大. 在相同粒径的 Ru 颗粒上, CNFs 表面的含氧基团增加了 Ru 的活性.  相似文献
10.
采用硝酸铝和硝酸钴的乙醇溶液与钼酸铵的碳酸铵水溶液共沉淀制备了Al2O3负载Co-Mo双金属氧化物前驱体,结合氨程序升温还原法制得了氮化物催化剂Co-Mo-N/Al2O3.利用X射线衍射和N2物理吸附方法表征了制备的前驱体和钝化态Co-Mo-N/Al2O3催化剂的晶相和孔结构,用程序升温脱附、程序升温表面反应及扫描电子显微镜考察了共沉淀法和浸渍法制备的催化剂的晶格稳定性、活性中心和表面形貌,用氨分解反应表征了Co-Mo-N/Al2O3催化剂的活性.结果表明,焙烧温度对催化剂比表面积有较大影响,低温焙烧的样品中活性组分散性较好,673K焙烧制得催化剂的氨分解活性最高.与浸渍法制备的Co-Mo-N/Al2O3催化剂相比,共沉淀法制备的催化剂具有更高的晶格稳定性、更均匀的活性组分分布和更高的氨分解活性.  相似文献
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