首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   6篇
  化学   6篇
  2021年   1篇
  2014年   1篇
  2012年   1篇
  2010年   2篇
  2005年   1篇
排序方式: 共有6条查询结果,搜索用时 18 毫秒
1
1.
A new method was developed for analyzing sulfur compounds in the aroma of white wines using ultrasound assisted-emulsification-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. In the present work, the analytical method for simultaneous determination of seven sulfur compounds (methylmercaptoacetate, methyl(methylthio)acetate, 2-methylthioethanol, 3-methylthiopropanol, 3-methylthiohexanol, 4-methylthio-4-methyl-2-pentanone and hexanethiol) is reported. Parameters that affect the efficiency of the methodology such as extracting and dispersing solvents, sample volume, ion strength, cavitation time and centrifugation time were investigated using a fractionated factorial 26-1 (R = V) screening design. Then, the factors presenting significant positive effects on the analytical response (extracting volume, ion strength, cavitation time and centrifugation time) were considered in a further central composite design to optimize the operational conditions for the ultrasound assisted-emulsification-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction procedure. Additionally, multiple response simultaneous optimization by using the desirability function was used to find the optimum experimental conditions. The best results were obtained using pH sample 4.25, extractant volume 150 μL, ionic strength 8.75% NaCl, cavitation time 20 s and centrifugation time 50 s. The use of the optimized ultrasound assisted-emulsification-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction technique allowed to obtain the best extraction results with the minimum interference from other substances from the matrix, and it allowed to quantify the analytes in white wine samples by calibration graphs. Recoveries ranging from 91.99% to 125.87% for all sulfur compounds proved the accuracy of the proposed method in white wine samples. Method detection limits were in the range of 0.36-1.67 ng mL−1 and limits of quantitation were between 0.63 and 3.02 ng mL−1 for sulfur compounds in white wine samples. The proposed methodology was successfully applied for the determination concentrations of sulfur compounds in different commercial Chardonnay wine samples from Mendoza, Argentine.  相似文献
2.
Ruiz-Calero V  Galceran MT 《Talanta》2005,66(2):376-410
The aim of this paper is to review recent literature regarding the determination of phosphorus species by ion chromatography (IC), and describe the implementation of new developments in sample treatment and ion chromatography methodology for the analysis of these compounds. Ion-exchange methods using both carbonate/hydrogencarbonate and hydroxide selective columns in combination with self-regenerating membrane and solid-phase-based suppressors enable determination of phosphate down to ppb levels. New technology, particularly on-line electrolytic hydroxide generators and electrolytic self-regenerating suppressor devices, has allowed the use of elution gradients in both carbonate/hydrogencarbonate and hydroxide selective systems, improving sensitivity and reducing total analysis time for samples containing phosphate together with other inorganic anions. In addition to a review of these developments, optimization and application of chromatographic methods using reversed stationary phases and cationic and/or zwitterionic surfactants is also discussed.The objective of most of the IC methods developed for phosphorus species is the determination of phosphate and total phosphorus. Therefore, sample treatment and separation conditions specifically developed for this purpose are also described. In addition, application of IC to the analysis of other inorganic (reduced and condensed) and organic (phytates, alkyl phosphate, and phosphonates) phosphorus species is discussed along with methodology and relevant applications in water analysis and other miscellaneous fields.  相似文献
3.
考察了在含氧化铝载体条件下,不同Zn负载量改性后HZSM-5催化剂的MTA反应性能。采用BET、XRD、PyFTIR、NH3-TPD和H2-TPR等分析手段对催化剂进行表征。实验结果表明,氧化铝载体的加入使得HZSM-5催化剂产生了介孔并且增强了Zn物种在催化剂表面的稳定性;Zn物种的加入破坏了HZSM-5分子筛的骨架结构、改变了催化剂表面酸性;此外,Zn物种的加入可以促进MTA过程脱氢反应的进行,中间产物烯烃的后续芳构化过程受到抑制;在实验的考察范围内,当Zn负载量为0.5%(质量分数)时,芳烃(C6~11)收率存在最大值21.0%(质量分数);甲醇的芳构化能力会受到生焦的抑制,然而,再生后的催化剂呈现更高的芳烃收率。  相似文献
4.
Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) is one of the most remarkable features of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) and silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs). Due to these inherent optical properties, colloidal solutions of Au and Ag NPs have high extinction coefficients and different colour in the visible region of the spectrum when they are well-spaced in comparison with when they are aggregated. Therefore, a well-designed chemical interaction between the analyte and NPs surroundings leads to a change of colour (red to blue for Au NPs and yellow to brown for Ag NPs from well-spaced to aggregated ones, respectively) allowing the visual detection of the target analyte.  相似文献
5.
A combination of bioceramics and nanofibrous scaffolds holds promising potential for inducing of mineralization in connective tissues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the attachment, proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) on poly(l ‐lactide) (PLLA) nanofibers coated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Polymeric scaffolds were fabricated via the electrospinning method and their surface was coated with MTA. DPSC were isolated from dental pulp and their biological behavior was evaluated on scaffolds and the control group using MTT assay. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, biomineralization and the expression of odontogenic genes were analyzed during odontogenic differentiation. Isolated DPSC showed spindle‐shaped morphology with multi‐lineage differentiation potential and were positive for CD73, CD90 and CD105. MTA‐coated PLLA (PLLA/MTA) exhibited nanofibrous structure with average fiber diameter of 756 ± 157 nm and interconnected pores and also suitable mechanical properties. Similar to MTA, these scaffolds were shown to be biocompatible and to support the attachment and proliferation of DPSC. ALP activity transiently peaked on day 14 and was significantly higher in PLLA/MTA scaffolds than in the control groups. In addition, increasing biomineralization was observed in all groups with a higher amount in PLLA/MTA. Odontogenic‐related genes, DSPP and collagen type I showed a higher expression in PLLA/MTA on days 21 and 14, respectively. Taken together, MTA/PLLA electrospun nanofibers enhanced the odontogenic differentiation of DPSC and showed the desired characteristics of a pulp capping material.  相似文献
6.
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号