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氢氧化镁的结晶习性研究   总被引:40,自引:4,他引:36       下载免费PDF全文
本文用负离子配位多面体模型探讨了NaOH水热介质中Mg(OH)2晶体的结晶习性。提出了Mg(OH)2的水热改性属溶解-结晶机制、生长基元为Mg(OH)6^4-八面体的观点。Mg(OH)2-NaOH-H2O体系高温热力学计算和电阻在线检测结果间接验证了生长基元论点。理论推导表明:Mg(OH)6^4-八面体的共棱连接方式决定了Mg(OH)2的结晶习性。  相似文献
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微波水热改性制备S2O2-8/Fe2O3-SiO2固体酸及催化性能   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
吴东辉  金瑞娣  汪信 《应用化学》2005,22(8):879-882
对共沉淀法得到的Fe2O3-SiO2混合氧化物前驱物进行微波水热改性处理,经浸渍(NH4)2S2O8后再焙烧得S2O8^2-/Fe2O3-SiO2固体酸催化剂。用XRD、TEM、N2气吸附/脱附及化学分析方法对其进行了表征,用乙酸/丁醇酯化催化反应评估固体酸的催化性能,并与通常条件下制得的催化剂进行了比较。结果显示,引入SiO2会延迟Fe2O3晶体的形成与长大;对前驱物用250W的微波水热改性处理1.5h,制得的固体酸具有适中的比表面积、均匀的孔径分布,含硫量为6.02%,比表面积为37.1m^2/g。该固体酸对乙酸丁醇酯化反应有很高的催化活性,催化酯化反应3h,乙酸的转化率高达97.7%。  相似文献
3.
水热改性对氧化铝载体织构和表面性质的影响   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
The alumina support was treated in the moderate aqueous hydrothermal condition to avoid from the excess growth of boehmite (AlOOH) crystals which usually results in the obvious decrease of the specific surface area (BET). The experimental results indicated that the hydrothermal treatment of the alumina support at 140 ℃ for 2 hours promoted the formation of the plate-like AlOOH crystallites on the surface of the support via dissolution-precipitation route. The occurrence of the nano plate-like structure led to the improvement in the structural and surface properties, such as the increase of the specific surface area, the surface hydroxyl concentration and the surface acidity.  相似文献
4.
对共沉淀法得到的Fe2O3-SiO2混合氧化物前驱物进行微波水热改性处理,经浸渍(NH4)2S2O8后再焙烧得S2O82-/Fe2O3-SiO2固体酸催化剂。用XRD、TEM、N2气吸附/脱附及化学分析方法对其进行了表征,用乙酸/丁醇酯化催化反应评估固体酸的催化性能,并与通常条件下制得的催化剂进行了比较。结果显示,引入SiO2会延迟Fe2O3晶体的形成与长大;对前驱物用250W的微波水热改性处理1.5h,制得的固体酸具有适中的比表面积、均匀的孔径分布,含硫量为6.02%,比表面积为37.1m2/g。该固体酸对乙酸丁醇酯化反应有很高的催化活性,催化酯化反应3h,乙酸的转化率高达97.7%。  相似文献
5.
The influence of hydrothermal modification on the structure and hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) activity of NiMo/γ-Al2O3catalyst was studied in the range 140~180 ℃. The experimental results indicated that the hydrodenitrogenation reaction rate of pyridine was accelerated using the NiMo/γ-Al2O3catalyst synthesized via hydrothermal route due to the change of the structure, the increase of the amount of Mo and Ni and the rise of the specific surface area. The change of the structure of catalysts was enhanced at higher hydrothermal temperature, producing NiMo/γ-Al2O3catalyst with better HDN activity.  相似文献
6.
HUANG  Mian-Li YU  Yan 《结构化学》2011,30(9):1348-1354
A novel wastewater purification material was prepared by a hydrothermal method. It was mainly made from oyster shells with the merits of long service time, large surface area, high lead removal efficiency and excellent recyclable properties. The technological conditions were decided respectively based on the lead removal efficiencies. At pH = 5 and 30 ℃, for the wastewater with the initial concentration of Pb2+ to be 5 mg/L, adsorption time 24 h, and 1 mg to 40 mL of mass ratio between adsorbent and Pb2+, the maximum adsorption capacity can reach 0.19 mg/g. The lead removal material prepared by hydrothermal method has excellent recycle performance. The equilibrium adsorption capacity can get to 9.71 mg/g and the average Pb2+ removal rate is as high as 66.39%. After reusing for 60 times, the SEM observation shows that the hydrates of reticular formation is formed after hydrothermal modification, which provides a good attachment position for Pb2+, indicating the physical adsorption is dominant.  相似文献
7.
近几年来,氢氧化镁作为一种无机阻燃剂由于其具有制备条件相对温和,生产工艺简单且产品与自然环境友好等特点,在研究及生产活动方面备受关注且得到了长足的发展[1~4].目前采用氢氧化钠法进行反应一水热制备高分散阻燃级氢氧化镁的工艺路线已经比较成熟[5~8].然而,不利的是,氢氧化钠偏高的价格导致了产品的制造成本较高.而采用石灰法制备氢氧化镁阻燃剂具有价格低廉的特点,引起了人们的关注.  相似文献
8.
王广建  孙兴源  牛鑫善  王芳 《化学通报》2017,80(2):208-211,215
分别以两种水热介质对γ-Al2O3载体进行水热改性,并将改性后的载体应用于异丁烷催化脱氢,考察了水热改性对催化脱氢性能以及水热温度对氧化铝载体物化性质的影响。并进行了XRD、N2吸附-脱附及H2-TPR表征。结果表明,γ-Al2O3发生再水合过程,焙烧后,结晶度变好,活性组分与载体的相互作用增加,水热改性会改变氧化铝的孔结构,CrOx/Al2O3催化剂的异丁烷脱氢性能得到改善。以水热介质1溶液(HTT-1)水热改性载体,140 ℃处理4 h,CrOx/Al2O3催化剂表现出最优的异丁烷脱氢性能,10 h内异丁烷脱氢平均转化率为43.04 %,平均选择性86.34 %,失活参数13.7 %。  相似文献
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