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共有20条相似文献,以下是第1-20项 搜索用时 312 毫秒

1.  TARTARIC ACID TEMPLATED SYNTHESIS OF MESOPOROUS Ti-INCORPORATED SILICA AND ITS CATALYTIC ACTIVITY FOR THE RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION OF ε-CAPROLACTONE  
   Jie-bin Pang  Chang-ming Dong  Kun-yuan Qiu  Yen Wei Department of Polymer Science and Engineering College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University Beijing 100871  China Department of Chemistry Drexel University Philadelphia  Pennsylvania 19104  USA《高分子科学》,2002年第4期
   Ti-incorporated mesoporous silica materials with pore diameters of 3-4 nm have been prepared via the co-hydrolysis and co-condensation reactions, that is the sol-gel reactions, of titanium (IV) tetrabutoxide and tetraethylorthosilicate in the presence of tartaric acid as template, followed by extraction with ethanol to remove the templatemolecules. The materials were characterized in detail by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption test, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy. Theresults indicate that the Ti-containing silica materials have large specific surface areas (ca. 1200 m~2 g~(-1)) and pore volumes(ca. 0.900 cm~3 g~(-1)). The mesoporosity arises from disordered interconnecting channels or pores. The Ti-incorporated silicasexhibit catalytic activity for the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone, otherwise, the pure mesoporous silicamaterial shows no catalytic activity under the identical conditions.    

2.  SYNTHESIS OF MESOPOROUS POLY(STYRENE-co-MALEIC ANHYDRIDE)/SILICA HYBRID MATERIALS VIA A NONSURFACTANT-TEMPLATED SOL-GEL PROCESS  被引次数:1
   Jie-bin Pang  Kun-yuan Qiu  Yen Wei Department of Polymer Science and Engineering  College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering  Peking University  Beijing 100871  China. Department of Chemistry  Drexel University  Philadelphia  Pennsylvania 19104  USA.《高分子科学》,2000年第5期
   Mesoporous poly (styrene-co-maleic anhydride)/silica hybrid materials have been prepared. The synthesis wasachieved by the HCl-catalyzed sol-gel reactions of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and styrene-maleic anhydride copolymerin the presence of 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (APTES) as a coupling agent and citric acid as a nonsurfactant template orpore-forming agent, followed by ethanol extraction. Characterization results from nitrogen sorption isotherms and powder X-ray diffraction indicate that polymer-modified mesoporous materials with large specific surface areas (e.g. 900 m~2/g) andpore volumes (e.g. 0.6 cm~3/g) could be prepared. As the citric acid concentration is increased, the specific surface areas, porevolumes and pore diameters of the hybrid materials increase.    

3.  Sol-gel derived oxides and mixed oxides catalysts with narrow mesoporous distribution  
   姚楠  熊国兴  张玉红  杨维慎《中国科学B辑(英文版)》,2001年第44卷第4期
   A novel sol-gel process for preparing oxides and mixed oxides sols from precipitation and peptization process is reported in this article. Inorganic salts are used as raw materials in this study. It is found that the amount of acid has great influence on the stability and particle diameter distribution of the precursor sols. Ultrasonic treatment is used to prepare alumina sol at room temperature. The result of 27AI NMR shows that there exist AI_13~(7+) species in the sol. By controlling the sol particles with narrow particle diameter distribution, alumina, titania and silica-alumina (SA) materials with narrow mesoporous distribution are formed by regular packing of sol particles during gelation without using any templates. The results also show that the structure and particle diameter distribution of precursor sol determine the final materials' texture.    

4.  Synthesis of mesoporous silica materials with ascorbic acid as template via sol-gel process  
   逄杰斌  丘坤元  危岩《中国化学》,2000年第18卷第5期
   Mesoporous silica materials with pore diameters of 2-5 nm have been prepared using ascorbic acid as a nonsurfactant template or pore-forming agent in HCl-catalyzed sol-gel reactions of tetraethylorthosilicate,followed by removing the ascorbic acid compound by extraction with ethanol.Characterization results from nitrogen sorption isotherm,powder X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy indicate that the materials have large specific surface areas (e.g.1000 m2/g) and pore volumes (e.g.0.8 cm3/g).The rnesoporosity is arisen from interconnecting disordered wormlike channels and pores with relatively broad size distributions.As the ascorbic acid concentration is increased,the pore diameters and pore volumes of the materials increase.    

5.  Synthesis of a new ordered mesoporous NiMoO4com-plex oxide and its efficient catalytic performance foroxidative dehydrogenation of propane  
   Xiaoqiang Fan  Jianmei Li  Zhen Zhao  Yuechang Wei  Jian Liu  Aijun Duan  Guiyuan Jiang《天然气化学杂志》,2014年第2期
   Highly ordered mesoporous NiMoO4material was successfully synthesized using mesoporous silica KIT-6 as hard template via vacuum nanocasting method. The structure was characterized by means of XRD, TEM, N2adsorption-desorption, Raman and FT-IR. The mesoporous NiMoO4with the coexistence of α-NiMoO4and β-NiMoO4showed well-ordered mesoporous structure, a bimodal pore size distribution and crystalline framework. The catalytic performance of NiMoO4was investigated for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. It is demonstrated that the mesoporous NiMoO4catalyst with more surface active oxygen species showed better catalytic performance in oxidative dehydrogenation of propane in comparison with bulk NiMoO4.    

6.  Enhanced soft magnetic properties of iron powders through coating MnZn ferrite by one-step sol–gel synthesis  
   《中国物理 B》,2019年第5期
   The MnZn ferrite coating formed on the surface of iron-based soft magnetic powders via facile and modified sol–gel process has been fabricated to obtain better magnetic performance due to its higher permeability compared with traditional nonmagnetic insulation coatings. The influence of the MnZn ferrite contents on the magnetic performance of the soft magnetic composites(SMCs) has been studied. As the MnZn insulation content increases, the core loss first experiences a decreasing trend that is followed by progressive increase, while the permeability follows an increasing trend and subsequently degrades. The optimized magnetic performance is achieved with 2.0 wt% MnZn ferrite, which results from the decrement of inter-particle eddy current losses based on loss separation. A uniform and compact coating layer composed of MnZn ferrite and oxides with an average thickness of 0.38 ± 0.08 μm is obtained by utilizing ion beam technology, and the interface between the powders and the coating shows satisfied adhesiveness compared with the sample directly prepared by mechanical mixing. The evolution of the coating layers during the calcination process has been presented based on careful analysis of the composition and microstructure.    

7.  Morphology-controlled synthesis of mesoporous silica with co-template of surfactant P123 and ionic liquid [Dmim]Cl  
   Pei Han  Tuanchun Liu  Xiaowei Ji  Shaokun Tang《中国化学快报》,2018年第29卷第8期
   Hollow silica spheres with mesoporous wall have been synthesized with only ionic liquid ([Dmim]Cl) as the template, and meanwhile, prism-like silica tubes with mesoporous wall have been constructed with the ionic liquid and a nonionic surfactant (P123) as the co-template via sol-gel method for the first time.    

8.  SYNTHESIS OF HYBRID MESOPOROUS POLYSTYRENE-SILICA MATERIALS WITH NON-SURFACTANT CITRIC ACID AS TEMPLATE VIA SOL-GEL PROCESS  
   Jie Bai  Jin-yu Zheng  Kun-yuan Qiu  Yen Wei Department of Polymer Science & Engineering College of Chemistry & Molecular Engineering  Peking University Beijing 100871  China Department of Chemistry  Drexel University  Philadelphia  PA 19104  USA《高分子科学》,2002年第6期
   Hybrid mesoporous polystyrene-silica materials were successfully prepared through HCl-catalyzed sol-gelreactions of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and triethoxysilyl-functionalized polystyrene obtained via atom transfer radicalpolymerization (ATRP) of styrene, in the presence of citric acid (CA) as non-surfactant template or pore-forming agent andfollowed by ethanol extraction to remove template molecules. The materials were characterized by infrared spectroscopy(IR), N_2 adsorption-desorption measurements, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) andtransmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results indicate that the materials prepared with 50 wt%-60 wt% templatecontents have average pore sizes of 2-3 nm and large surface areas (ca. 886 m~2/g) as well as high pore volumes (ca.0.53 cm~3/g). The mesoporosity arises from interconnected channels and pores with disordered arrangements. The porediameters and pore volumes increase as the template content is increased. The pore diameters show a little change uponheating at 200℃ overnight. However, the materials do not have good hydrothermal stability.    

9.  稻壳SiO_2/钒催化剂上苯乙酮液相氧化(英文)  
   Farook ADAM  Thiam-Seng CHEW  Jeyashelly ANDAS《催化学报》,2012年第3期
   Rice husk silica catalyst loaded with 10 wt% vanadium was synthesized from agricultural biomass via a sol-gel synthetic route at pH = 9. The catalyst was characterized by different physico-chemical methods. The FTIR spectra showed the formation of Si–O–V and V=O stretching bands. The presence of vanadium was confirmed by EDX elemental analysis. RH-10V possessed a high specific surface area of 276 m2/g and pore volume of 0.83 ml/g. The prepared catalyst possessed a narrow pore size distribution centered around 7.9 nm. The catalytic performance of RH-10V was tested in the oxidation of acetophenone at 70 ℃. RH-10V was found to be an active catalyst in the oxidation of acetophenone, producing 36.28% conversion efficiency. The products identified were benzoic acid, 2-hydroxyacetophenone, phenol, acetic acid, and 3-hydroxyacetophenone.    

10.  稻壳SiO2/钒催化剂上苯乙酮液相氧化(英文)  
   Farook ADAM  Thiam-Seng CHEW  Jeyashelly ANDAS《催化学报》,2012年第3期
   Rice husk silica catalyst loaded with 10 wt% vanadium was synthesized from agricultural biomass via a sol-gel synthetic route at pH = 9. The catalyst was characterized by different physico-chemical methods. The FTIR spectra showed the formation of Si–O–V and V=O stretching bands. The presence of vanadium was confirmed by EDX elemental analysis. RH-10V possessed a high specific surface area of 276 m2/g and pore volume of 0.83 ml/g. The prepared catalyst possessed a narrow pore size distribution centered around 7.9 nm. The catalytic performance of RH-10V was tested in the oxidation of acetophenone at 70 ℃. RH-10V was found to be an active catalyst in the oxidation of acetophenone, producing 36.28% conversion efficiency. The products identified were benzoic acid, 2-hydroxyacetophenone, phenol, acetic acid, and 3-hydroxyacetophenone.    

11.  Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of a Novel Birnessite Oxide Cs0.24MnO2  
   PAN Ying-Zhen QIU Xiao-Qing QIHE Ri-Ma LI Li-Ping《结构化学》,2008年第27卷第2期
   The synthesis of a novel birnessite structure manganese oxide, Cs0.24MnO2, via a modified sol-gel route is reported in this work. The product was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and magnetic susceptibility. It is found that Cs0.24MnO2 crystallizes in a monoclinic phase with a nanosheet morphology. With lowering the temperature, Cs0.24MnO2 shows an antiferromagnetic transition at about 43.8 K, which is different from its paramagnetic K-counterpart. The effective moment of Mn ions in Cs0.24MnO2 is determined to be 4.2 μB, indicating a mixed valence of Mng+/Mn3+.    

12.  SYNTHESIS AND BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS OF VINYL POLYMERINORGANIC HYBRID AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS  
   Yen Wei  Kun-yuan Qiu Department of Chemistry  Drexel University  Philadelphia  Pennsylvania 19104  USA Department of Polymer Science and Engineering  Peking University  Beijing 100871  China《高分子科学》,2000年第1期
   We describe the sol-gel synthesis of a new family of organic-inorganic hybrid materials, in which various vinylpolymers are covalently bonded to and uniformly distributed in inorganic oxide matrices. The materials can be tailored tohave both good toughness and hardness while maintaining excellent optical transparency. Doping the sol-gel metal oxideswith optically active compounds such as D-glucose results in new optical rotatory composite materials. Removal of thedopant compounds from the composites affords mesoporous oxide materials, which represents a new, nonsurfactant-templated route to mesoporous molecular sieves. We have successfully immobilized a series of enzymes and other bioactiveagents in mesoporous materials. Catalytical activities of the enzyme encapsulated in mesoporous materials were found to bemuch higher than those encapsulated in microporous materials.    

13.  Synthesis and Characterization of Titanium-doped Ordered Mesoporous Alumina  
   XIAO Xue-Qingab  SUN Qian-Pinga  LIU Fanga  ZHENG Yinga  LIN Jin-Huoa《结构化学》,2014年第3期
   Titanium-doped ordered mesoporous alumina with specific structural properties has been prepared by the evaporation induced self-assembly sol-gel method. The results show that the doped titanium helps to stabilize the ordered mesoporous alumina material without influencing the ordered mesoporosity. The textural properties of the obtained sample are related to the amount of doped titanium. When the molar ratio of aluminum to titanium(n(Al)/n(Ti)) is controlled as 10.2, the titanium-doped ordered mesoporous alumina exhibits high surface area(up to 218 m2 g-1), large pore volume(0.42 cm3 g-1) and narrow pore diameter(6.1 nm) after treating at 900 ℃, showing high thermal stability. Moreover, the obtained sample calcined at 900 ℃ still maintains ordered mesoporous structure and exhibits high thermal stability.    

14.  SYNTHESIS AND COATING OF ORDERED MESOPOROUS SILICA  
   WeiGuo GuangshengLuo YujunWang《中国颗粒学报》,2003年第1卷第4期
   1,3,5-trimethyl benzene (TMB) was used as organic swelling agent in O/W emulsions to template ultra-large mesoporous materials using the hydrothermal method. The silicas with well-defined mesopores and hydrothermally robust framework were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and BET surface area analysis. The influence of the quantity of TMB during preparation was studied. It has been found that the TMB/CTAB ratio must be controlled for producing high pore volume materials. Polysulfone (PSU), as the usual extraction agent, was coated on the silicas with the solvent evaporation method to produce a solid separation medium. The adsorptivity and the surface area of the coated MCM were determined: 10% PSU coated MCM adsorbed twice as much phenol as the uncoated material, reaching 0.5 mg/g silica. It was found that the surface area of the coated material decreased rapidly with an increase of the PSU Ioadina.    

15.  “Noodle-like” Mesoporous Silica Templated by Polyelectrolyte/Surfactant Complex  
   ChengTAO JianGuoHUANG JunBaiLI《中国化学快报》,2003年第14卷第11期
   “Noodle-like” mesoporous silica with a diameter of about 180 nm and a length of ca. 10μm was prepared through sol-gel process by using poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS)/cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) complex as template. Parallel oriented regular mesopores with a diameter of around 2-4 nm are distributed along the wall of the particles, while the “worm-like” disordered mesopores can be found in the fringe part. This approach provides a new series of templates and a novel route to prepare inorganic mesoporous materials with special morphology.    

16.  Effects of Template Contents on the Physicochemical Sorption Properties of Zr—Incorporated Mesoporous Titania Materials  
   郑金玉 丘坤元 危岩《中国化学》,2002年第20卷第10期
   Zr-Incorporated mesoporous titania materials were prepared via nonsurfactant templated sol-gel process of zirconium(IV) butoxide(ZBT) and titanium(IV) butoxide(TBT) in the presence of urea molecules as template or pore forming agent.The effcets of template contents on the pore parameters of the materials synthesized with fixed Zr incorporation contents were investigated by mitrogen adsorption-desrption measurements,powder X-ray diffraction(XRD) study and transmission electron microscopy(TEM).The changes of template contents play significant roles on the pore parameters at low incorporsation content of Zr.The pore diameters display a clear increase tendency with the increase of template contents.When high Zr incorporation content is used,the template contents have less effect on the pore diameters that almost keep unchanged with the increase of template contents.All the materials possess type IV isotherms with H2 hysteresis loops suggesting the formation of mesophase.The materials with low Zr incorporation content have anatase structures;however,it can not be found in the materials with high Zr incorporation content.TEM images show that some accumulated inter-particulate pores and welldistributed worm-like pores are present in the Zr-incorporated materials.    

17.  2 μm mode-locking laser performances of sol-gel-fabricated large-core Tm-doped silica fiber  
   任艳  覃治鹏  谢国强  乔桢  海婷  袁鹏  马金贵  钱列加  王世凯  于春雷  胡丽丽《中国光学快报(英文版)》,2018年第2期
   High-power ultrafast fiber lasers operating at the 2 μm wavelength are extremely desirable for material processing, laser surgery, and nonlinear optics. Here we fabricated large-core(LC) double-cladding Tm-doped silica fiber via the sol-gel method. The sol-gel-fabricated Tm-doped silica(SGTS) fiber had a large core diameter of 30 μm with a high refractive index homogeneity(Δn=2 × 10~(-4)). With the newly developed LC SGTS fiber as the gain fiber, high-power mode-locking was realized. By using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror(SESAM) as a mode locker, the LC SGTS fiber oscillator generated mode-locked pulses with an average output power as high as 1.0 W and a pulse duration of 23.9 ps at the wavelength of 1955.0 nm. Our research results show that the self-developed LC Tm-doped silica fiber via the sol-gel method is a promising gain fiber for generating high-power ultrafast lasers in the 2 μm spectral region.    

18.  Improving photoelectrochemical activity of dye sensitized solar cell by a bilayered electrode with an overlayer of mesoporous anatase TiO_2  
   Jun Jianga  Jian Zhanga  Feng Gua  Wei Shaoa  Chunzhong Lia  Mengkai Lub a Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education  School of Materials Science    Engineering  East China University of Science    Technology  Shanghai   China b State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials  Sh  ong University  Jinan   China《中国颗粒学报》,2011年第3期
   For better performance of dye sensitized solar cells(DSSCs) ,a bilayer structured electrode was constructed by employing a mesoporous anatase TiO2 overlayer above a commercial P25 TiO2 nanoparticles underlayer. The mesoporous anatase TiO2,prepared through a facile surfactant-assisted sol-gel process,possessed large pore size and well inter-connected network structure,both beneficial for dye adsorption and electron transfer. The dye adsorption capability of the mesoporous TiO2 was nearly twice that of the P2...    

19.  Non-surfactant synthesis of mesoporous silica with dye as template  
   Peng Feng Yao Xu Dong Wu《中国化学快报》,2007年第18卷第10期
   A novel non-suffactant method was described to synthesize mesoporous silica using dye basic fuchsin as template.Chemical reactions were introduced into the formation of mesopores rather than the weak electrostatic or hydrogen-bonding interactions in the traditional surfactant routes.The reactant composition was found to be crucial to the pore structure of objective product.The formation mechanism of mesopore was also proved.    

20.  SYNTHESIS OF A NOVEL SELF-ASSEMBLING NLO POLYMERIC FILM  
   张榕本《高分子科学》,1999年第5期
   By covalently binding chromophore NPP, N-(4-nitrophenyl)-(L)-prolinol, to a structurallycontrolled cage-like cross-linking polymer (SCCP), a modified nonlinear optical (NLO) polymeric filmprepared by "in situ poling and sol-gel" process successfully overcame the fundamental problem of NPPchromophores subliming out from the cages of the "doped" NLO polymeric film when heated or placed underUV light. Its d_(33) (coefficient of second harmonic generation) is 2.0×10~(-8) esu. measured by IR dichroism. Themodified film has a low decay of the SHG signal and preserves 94% of the initial value after 50 days at roomtemperature. These properties match that of the "doped" film, indicating that the modified film also retainsthe main advantages of the "doped" film.    

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