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In this paper, we develop a coupled continuous Galerkin and discontinuous Galerkin finite element method based on a split scheme to solve the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations. In order to use the equal order interpolation functions for velocity and pressure, we decouple the original Navier–Stokes equations and obtain three distinct equations through the split method, which are nonlinear hyperbolic, elliptic, and Helmholtz equations, respectively. The hybrid method combines the merits of discontinuous Galerkin (DG) and finite element method (FEM). Therefore, DG is concerned to accomplish the spatial discretization of the nonlinear hyperbolic equation to avoid using the stabilization approaches that appeared in FEM. Moreover, FEM is utilized to deal with the Poisson and Helmholtz equations to reduce the computational cost compared with DG. As for the temporal discretization, a second‐order stiffly stable approach is employed. Several typical benchmarks, namely, the Poiseuille flow, the backward‐facing step flow, and the flow around the cylinder with a wide range of Reynolds numbers, are considered to demonstrate and validate the feasibility, accuracy, and efficiency of this coupled method. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   

In previous work, it has been shown that any suitably smooth plane proper-orthogonal tensor field can serve as a rotation tensor for generating a plane finite deformation. In this paper, this previous analysis is used to study plane finite twin deformations. We show that given a defined smooth curve which separates two arbitrarily prescribed rotation fields, a twin deformation field can be generated in a neighborhood surrounding such curve. Examples are presented for cases where the Jacobian of the finite deformation field is discontinuous or continuous across the defined curve. Twinning in an elastic region is also analyzed in some detail.  相似文献   

An H~1 space-time discontinuous Galerkin (STDG) scheme for convectiondiffusion equations in one spatial dimension is constructed and analyzed. This method is formulated by combining the H~1 Galerkin method and the space-time discontinuous finite element method that is discontinuous in time and continuous in space. The existence and the uniqueness of the approximate solution are proved. The convergence of the scheme is analyzed by using the techniques in the finite difference and finite element methods. An optimal a-priori error estimate in the L~∞ (H~1 ) norm is derived. The numerical exper- iments are presented to verify the theoretical results.  相似文献   

Hybrid equilibrium finite elements based on the direct approximation of the domain stress and boundary displacement fields are presented. The structure is divided into a far field, which is considered as an infinite super element, and a near field, which is in turn discretized into finite elements. The displacements in the domains of typical finite elements are obtained from the assumed domain stress field by using the dynamic equilibrium equations. The Helmholtz equation is satisfied in the domain of the infinite super element, and the domain stress fields are associated with elastic and compatible displacements. The resulting governing system is symmetric, sparse, and, if well done, positive. Numerical applications are presented to illustrate the performance of the formulation  相似文献   

Recently, a discontinuous Galerkin method with plane wave basis functions and Lagrange multiplier degrees of freedom was proposed for the efficient solution of the Helmholtz equation in the mid-frequency regime. This method was fully developed however only for regular meshes, and demonstrated only for interior Helmholtz problems. In this paper, we extend it to irregular meshes and exterior Helmholtz problems in order to expand its scope to practical acoustic scattering problems. We report preliminary results for two-dimensional short wave problems that highlight the superior performance of this discontinuous Galerkin method over the standard finite element method.  相似文献   

Using a non‐conforming C0‐interior penalty method and the Galerkin least‐square approach, we develop a continuous–discontinuous Galerkin finite element method for discretizing fourth‐order incompressible flow problems. The formulation is weakly coercive for spaces that fail to satisfy the inf‐sup condition and consider discontinuous basis functions for the pressure field. We consider the results of a stability analysis through a lemma which indicates that there exists an optimal or quasi‐optimal least‐square stability parameter that depends on the polynomial degree used to interpolate the velocity and pressure fields, and on the geometry of the finite element in the mesh. We provide several numerical experiments illustrating such dependence, as well as the robustness of the method to deal with arbitrary basis functions for velocity and pressure, and the ability to stabilize large pressure gradients. We believe the results provided in this paper contribute for establishing a paradigm for future studies of the parameter of the Galerkin least square method for second‐gradient theory of incompressible flow problems. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   

本文构建了声压波动方程的改进时域间断Galerkin有限元方法.传统时域连续有限元方法在计算高梯度、强间断特征水中声波传播问题时往往会出现虚假数值振荡现象,这些数值振荡会影响正常波动的计算精度.为了解决这一问题,本文通过引入人工阻尼的方式构建了改进的时域间断Galerkin有限元方法,并针对具有高梯度、强间断特征的多障碍物复杂边界和层合液体介质声传播问题进行了计算.计算结果表明,与传统时域连续方法如N ew mark方法计算结果对比,所发展方法能较好地消除高梯度和强间断声压力波传播过程中虚假的数值振荡,具有较高的计算精度.问题的求解为进一步流固声耦合问题的研究奠定了基础.  相似文献   

The extended finite element method (X-FEM) is a numerical method for modeling strong (displacement) as well as weak (strain) discontinuities within a standard finite element framework. In the X-FEM, special functions are added to the finite element approximation using the framework of partition of unity. For crack modeling in isotropic linear elasticity, a discontinuous function and the two-dimensional asymptotic crack-tip displacement fields are used to account for the crack. This enables the domain to be modeled by finite elements without explicitly meshing the crack surfaces, and hence quasi-static crack propagation simulations can be carried out without remeshing. In this paper, we discuss some of the key issues in the X-FEM and describe its implementation within a general-purpose finite element code. The finite element program Dynaflow™ is considered in this study and the implementation for modeling 2-d cracks in isotropic and bimaterial media is described. In particular, the array-allocation for enriched degrees of freedom, use of geometric-based queries for carrying out nodal enrichment and mesh partitioning, and the assembly procedure for the discrete equations are presented. We place particular emphasis on the design of a computer code to enable the modeling of discontinuous phenomena within a finite element framework.  相似文献   

数值流形方法及其在岩石力学中的应用   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9       下载免费PDF全文
李树忱  程玉民 《力学进展》2004,34(4):446-454
数值流形方法是目前岩石力学分析的主要方法之一.该方法起源于不连续变形分析,主要用于统一求解连续和非连续问题,其核心技术是在分析时采用了双重网格:数学网格提供的节点形成求解域的有限覆盖和权函数;而物理网格为求解的积分域.数学网格被用来建立数学覆盖,数学覆盖与物理网格的交集定义为物理覆盖,由物理覆盖的交集形成流形单元.流形方法的优点在于它使用了独立的数学和物理网格,具有和有限元明显不同的定义形式,且数学网格对于同一问题不同的求解精度的需求可以很方便地细化.由于该方法考虑了块体运动学,可以模拟节理岩体裂隙的开裂和闭合过程,因而在岩石力学中得到了广泛应用,近年来许多学者对该方法进行了研究.本文简要叙述了节理岩体的数值方法从连续到非连续的发展过程,详细地介绍了数值流形方法的组成和数值流形方法在岩石力学及其相关领域的研究和发展概况,最后就作者所关心的一些问题,如三维问题的数值流形方法、数值流形方法在物理非线性问题和裂纹扩展问题中的应用、相关的耦合方法等进行了探讨.  相似文献   

针对不连续温度场问题建立了一种间断Galerkin有限元方法,该方法的主要特点是允 许插值函数在单元边界上存在跳变. 在建立有限元方程时,通过在单元边界上引入数值通量 项和稳定性项来处理间断效应,并且数值通量可以直接由接触热阻的定义式导出. 数值算例 表明该方法可以很方便且准确地捕捉到结构内部由于接触热阻而引起的温度跳变,同时在局 部高梯度温度场的模拟方面也比常规连续Galerkin有限元方法效率明显要高. 该方法也为研 究由接触热阻引起的温度场与应力场之间的耦合问题提供了一种新的数值模拟手段.  相似文献   

Past studies that have compared LBB stable discontinuous‐ and continuous‐pressure finite element formulations on a variety of problems have concluded that both methods yield solutions of comparable accuracy, and that the choice of interpolation is dictated by which of the two is more efficient. In this work, we show that using discontinuous‐pressure interpolations can yield inaccurate solutions at large times on a class of transient problems, while the continuous‐pressure formulation yields solutions that are in good agreement with the analytical solution. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   

A mixed time discontinuous space-time finite element scheme for secondorder convection diffusion problems is constructed and analyzed. Order of the equation is lowered by the mixed finite element method. The low order equation is discretized with a space-time finite element method, continuous in space but discontinuous in time. Stability, existence, uniqueness and convergence of the approximate solutions are proved. Numerical results are presented to illustrate efficiency of the proposed method.  相似文献   

基于Lord-Shulman非傅里叶热弹性模型,提出了采用修正的时域间断迦辽金有限元方法(time discontinuousGalerkin finite element method, DGFEM)求解方法. DGFEM对温度场、位移场基本未知向量及其时间导数向量在时域中分别插值;在最终的求解公式中,引入了人工阻尼. 数值结果显示所发展的DGFEM 较好地捕捉了波的间断并消除了热冲击作用下虚假的数值振荡,能够良好地模拟热弹性问题并具有较高的精度.  相似文献   

In recent years, some research effort has been devoted to the development of non-conventional finite element models for the analysis of concrete structures. These models use continuum damage mechanics to represent the physically non-linear behavior of this quasi-brittle material. Two alternative approaches proved to be robust and computationally competitive when compared with the classical displacement finite element implementations. The first corresponds to the hybrid-mixed stress model where both the effective stress and the displacement fields are independently modeled in the domain of each finite element and the displacements are approximated along the static boundary, which is considered to include the inter-element edges. The second approach corresponds to a hybrid-displacement model. In this case, the displacements in the domain of each element and the tractions along the kinematic boundary are independently approximated. Since it is a displacement model, the inter-element boundaries are now included in the kinematic boundary. In both models, complete sets of orthonormal Legendre polynomials are used to define all approximations required, so very effective p-refinement procedures can be implemented. This paper illustrates the numerical performance of these two alternative approaches and compares their efficiency and accuracy with the classical finite element models. For this purpose, a set of numerical tests is presented and discussed.  相似文献   

Energy conservation of nonlinear Schrodinger ordinary differential equation was proved through using continuous finite element methods of ordinary differential equation; Energy integration conservation was proved through using space-time continuous fully discrete finite element methods and the electron nearly conservation with higher order error was obtained through using time discontinuous only space continuous finite element methods of nonlinear Schrodinger partial equation. The numerical results are in accordance with the theory.  相似文献   

Energy conservation of nonlinear Schrodinger ordinary differential equation was proved through using continuous finite element methods of ordinary differential equation; Energy integration conservation was proved through using space-time continuous fully discrete finite element methods and the electron nearly conservation with higher order error was obtained through using time discontinuous only space continuous finite element methods of nonlinear Schrodinger partial equation. The numerical results are in accordance with the theory.  相似文献   

In this paper a new finite element (FE) formulation to simulate embedded strong discontinuity for the study of the fracture process in brittle or quasi-brittle solids is presented. A homogeneous discontinuity is considered to be present in a cracked finite element with the possibility to take into account the opening and the sliding phenomena which can occur across the crack faces. In such a context a new simple stress-based implementation of the discontinuous displacement field is proposed by an appropriate stress field correction introduced at the Gauss points level in order to simulate, in a fashion typical of an elastic–plastic classical FE formulation, the mechanical effects of the bridging and friction stresses due to crack faces opening and sliding which can occur during the loading–unloading process structural component or solid being analysed. The proposed formulation does not need to introduce special or modified shape functions to reproduce discontinuous displacement field but simply relaxes the stress field in an appropriate fashion. Both linear elastic and elastic–plastic behaviour of the non-cracked material can be considered. Several 2D problems are presented and solved by the proposed procedure in order to predict load–displacement curves of brittle structures as well as crack patterns that develop during the loading process.The proposed discontinuous new FE formulation gives the advantages to be simple, computationally economic and to keep internal continuity of the numerical FE model; furthermore the developed algorithm can be easily implemented in standard FE programs as a standard plasticity model.  相似文献   

刘硕  方国东  王兵  付茂青  梁军 《力学学报》2018,50(2):339-348
求解含裂纹等不连续问题一直是计算力学的重点研究课题之一,以偏微分方程为基础的连续介质力学方法处理不连续问题时面临很大的困难. 近场动力学方法是一种基于积分方程的非局部理论,在处理不连续问题时有很大的优越性. 本文提出了求解含裂纹热传导问题的一种新的近场动力学与有限元法的耦合方法. 结合近场动力学方法处理不连续问题的优势以及有限元方法计算效率高的优势,将求解区域划分为两个区域,近场动力学区域和有限元区域. 包含裂纹的区域采用近场动力学方法建模,其他区域采用有限元方法建模. 本文提出的耦合方案实施简单方便,近场动力学区域与有限元区域之间不需要设置重叠区域. 耦合方法通过近场动力学粒子与其域内所有粒子(包括近场动力学粒子和有限元节点)以非局部方式连接,有限元节点与其周围的所有粒子以有限元方式相互作用. 将有限元热传导矩阵和近场动力学粒子相互作用矩阵写入同一整体热传导矩阵中,并采用Guyan缩聚法进一步减小计算量. 分别采用连续介质力学方法和近场动力学方法对一维以及二维温度场算例进行模拟,结果表明,本文的耦合方法具有较高的计算精度和计算效率. 该耦合方案可以进一步拓展到热力耦合条件下含裂纹材料和结构的裂纹扩展问题.   相似文献   

采用间断有限元方法对环形激波在圆柱形激波管内绕射、反射和聚焦流场进行了数值模拟。将二维守恒方程的间断有限元方法发展到轴对称Euler方程,并对环形激波绕后台阶流动进行了数值计算。计算结果表明,采用间断有限元方法能够有效地捕捉运动激波在圆柱形激波管内传播的复杂流场结构;在聚焦点附近,数值解具有较大的梯度变化,表明该方法对间断解具有较强的捕捉能力,在聚焦点附近不会产生振荡或抹平间断现象。  相似文献   

Existing multibody system (MBS) algorithms treat articulated system components that are not rigidly connected as separate bodies connected by joints that are governed by nonlinear algebraic equations. As a consequence, these MBS algorithms lead to a highly nonlinear system of coupled differential and algebraic equations. Existing finite element (FE) algorithms, on the other hand, do not lead to a constant mesh inertia matrix in the case of arbitrarily large relative rigid body rotations. In this paper, new FE/MBS meshes that employ linear connectivity conditions and allow for arbitrarily large rigid body displacements between the finite elements are introduced. The large displacement FE absolute nodal coordinate formulation (ANCF) is used to obtain linear element connectivity conditions in the case of large relative rotations between the finite elements of a mesh. It is shown in this paper that a linear formulation of pin (revolute) joints that allow for finite relative rotations between two elements connected by the joint can be systematically obtained using ANCF finite elements. The algebraic joint constraint equations, which can be introduced at a preprocessing stage to efficiently eliminate redundant position coordinates, allow for deformation modes at the pin joint definition point, and therefore, this new joint formulation can be considered as a generalization of the pin joint formulation used in rigid MBS analysis. The new pin joint deformation modes that are the result of C 0 continuity conditions, allow for the calculations of the pin joint strains which can be discontinuous as the result of the finite relative rotation between the elements. This type of discontinuity is referred to in this paper as nonstructural discontinuity in order to distinguish it from the case of structural discontinuity in which the elements are rigidly connected. Because ANCF finite elements lead to a constant mass matrix, an identity generalized mass matrix can be obtained for the FE mesh despite the fact that the finite elements of the mesh are not rigidly connected. The relationship between the nonrational ANCF finite elements and the B-spline representation is used to shed light on the potential of using ANCF as the basis for the integration of computer aided design and analysis (I-CAD-A). When cubic interpolation is used in the FE/ANCF representation, C 0 continuity is equivalent to a knot multiplicity of three when computational geometry methods such as B-splines are used. C 2 ANCF models which ensure the continuity of the curvature and correspond to B-spline knot multiplicity of one can also be obtained. Nonetheless, B-spline and NURBS representations cannot be used to effectively model T-junctions that can be systematically modeled using ANCF finite elements which employ gradient coordinates that can be conveniently used to define element orientations in the reference configuration. Numerical results are presented in order to demonstrate the use of the new formulation in developing new chain models.  相似文献   

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