共查询到10条相似文献，搜索用时 198 毫秒

1.

Chaotic phenomena, chaos amplification and other interesting nonlinear behaviors have been observed in supply chain systems. Chaos can be defined theoretically if the dynamics under study are produced only by deterministic factors. However, deterministic settings rarely present themselves in reality. In fact, real data are typically unknown. How can the chaos theory and its related methodology be applied in the real world? When the demand is stochastic, the interpretation and distribution of the Lyapunov exponents derived from the effective inventory at different supply chain levels are not similar to those under deterministic demand settings. Are the observed dynamics of the effective inventory random, chaotic, or simply quasi-chaos? In this study, we investigate a situation whereby the chaos analysis is applied to a time series as if its underlying structure, deterministic or stochastic, is unknown. The result shows clear distinction in chaos characterization between the two categories of demand process, deterministic vs. stochastic. It also highlights the complexity of the interplay between stochastic demand processes and nonlinear dynamics. Therefore, caution should be exercised in interpreting system dynamics when applying chaos analysis to a system of unknown underlying structure. By understanding this delicate interplay, decision makers have the better chance to tackle the problem correctly or more effectively at the demand end or the supply end. 相似文献

2.

In this paper we study mathematically and computationally optimal control problems for stochastic elliptic partial differential equations. The control objective is to minimize the expectation of a tracking cost functional, and the control is of the deterministic, distributed type. The main analytical tool is the Wiener-Itô chaos or the Karhunen-Loève expansion. Mathematically, we prove the existence of an optimal solution; we establish the validity of the Lagrange multiplier rule and obtain a stochastic optimality system of equations; we represent the input data in their Wiener-Itô chaos expansions and deduce the deterministic optimality system of equations. Computationally, we approximate the optimality system through the discretizations of the probability space and the spatial space by the finite element method; we also derive error estimates in terms of both types of discretizations. 相似文献

3.

Evolving to the edge of chaos: Chance or necessity?

**总被引：2，自引：0，他引：2**We show that ecological systems evolve to edges of chaos (EOC). This has been demonstrated by analyzing three diverse model ecosystems using numerical simulations in combination with analytical procedures. It has been found that all these systems reside on EOC and display short-term recurrent chaos (strc). The first two are non-linear food chains and the third one is a linear food chain. The dynamics of first two is dictated by deterministic changes in system parameters. In contrast to this, dynamics of the third model system (the linear food chain) is governed by both deterministic changes in system parameters as well as exogenous stochastic perturbations (unforeseen changes in initial conditions) of these dynamical systems. 相似文献

4.

Darran Furnival

^{ We study multigrid for solving the stochastic steady-state diffusionproblem. We operate under the mild assumption that the diffusioncoefficient takes the form of a finite Karhunen-Loèveexpansion. The problem is discretized using a finite-elementmethodology using the polynomial chaos method to discretizethe stochastic part of the problem. We apply a multigrid algorithmto the stochastic problem in which the spatial discretizationis varied from grid to grid while the stochastic discretizationis held constant. We then show, theoretically and experimentally,that the convergence rate is independent of the spatial discretization,as in the deterministic case, and the stochastic discretization. 相似文献 }

This paper discusses two stochastic approaches to computing the propagation of uncertainty in numerical simulations: polynomial chaos and stochastic collocation. Chebyshev polynomials are used in both cases for the conventional, deterministic portion of the discretization in physical space. For the stochastic parameters, polynomial chaos utilizes a Galerkin approximation based upon expansions in Hermite polynomials, whereas stochastic collocation rests upon a novel transformation between the stochastic space and an artificial space. In our present implementation of stochastic collocation, Legendre interpolating polynomials are employed. These methods are discussed in the specific context of a quasi-one-dimensional nozzle flow with uncertainty in inlet conditions and nozzle shape. It is shown that both stochastic approaches efficiently handle uncertainty propagation. Furthermore, these approaches enable computation of statistical moments of arbitrary order in a much more effective way than other usual techniques such as the Monte Carlo simulation or perturbation methods. The numerical results indicate that the stochastic collocation method is substantially more efficient than the full Galerkin, polynomial chaos method. Moreover, the stochastic collocation method extends readily to highly nonlinear equations. An important application is to the stochastic Riemann problem, which is of particular interest for spectral discontinuous Galerkin methods. 相似文献

5.

Robert?Altmann Tijana?Levajkovi? Hermann?MenaEmail author 《Monatshefte für Mathematik》2017,182(4):741-780

We study linear semi-explicit stochastic operator differential algebraic equations (DAEs) for which the constraint equation is given in an explicit form. In particular, this includes the Stokes equations arising in fluid dynamics. We combine a white noise polynomial chaos expansion approach to include stochastic perturbations with deterministic regularization techniques. With this, we are able to include Gaussian noise and stochastic convolution terms as perturbations in the differential as well as in the constraint equation. By the application of the polynomial chaos expansion method, we reduce the stochastic operator DAE to an infinite system of deterministic operator DAEs for the stochastic coefficients. Since the obtained system is very sensitive to perturbations in the constraint equation, we analyze a regularized version of the system. This then allows to prove the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the initial stochastic operator DAE in a certain weighted space of stochastic processes. 相似文献

6.

提出了一种嵌入式多项式混沌展开(polynomial chaos expansion, PCE)的随机边界条件下流动与传热问题不确定性量化方法及有限元程序框架.该方法利用Karhunen-Loeve展开表达随机输入边界条件，以及嵌入式多项式混沌展开法表达输出随机场；同时利用谱分解技术将控制方程转化为一组确定性控制方程，并对每个多项式混沌进行求解得到其统计特征.与Monte-Carlo法相比，该方法能够准确高效地预测随机边界条件下流动与传热问题的不确定性特征，同时可以节省大量计算资源. 相似文献

7.

Stabilizing unstable periodic orbits of a deterministic chaotic system which is perturbed by a stochastic process is studied in this paper. The stochastic chaos is modeled by exciting a deterministic chaotic system with a white noise obtained from derivative of a Wiener process which eventually generates an Ito differential equation. It is also assumed that the chaotic system being studied has some model uncertainties which are not random. The sliding mode controller with some modifications is used for stochastic chaos suppression. It is shown that the system states converge to the desired orbit in such a way that the error covariance converges to an arbitrarily small bound around zero. As some case studies, the stabilization of 1-cycle and 2-cycle orbits of chaotic Duffing and Φ

^{6}${\Phi}^{6}$ Van der Pol systems is investigated by applying the proposed method to their corresponding stochastically perturbed systems. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the method and the accuracy of the statements proved in the paper. 相似文献8.

Packet-level observations show that the TCP/RED congestion control systems exhibit complex non-periodic oscillations which vary with the network/RED parameter variations. In this paper, it is investigated whether such complex behaviors are due to nonlinear deterministic chaotic dynamics or do they originate from nonlinear stochastic dynamics. To do this, various methods of linear and nonlinear time series analyses have been applied to the packet-level data gathered from a typical network simulated in

*ns*-2. The results of the analysis for a wide range of variations in averaging weight of RED (as the most important bifurcation factor in TCP/RED networks) show that such behaviors are not due to deterministic chaos in the system, but originate from the stochastic nature of the network. 相似文献9.

This paper discusses two stochastic approaches to computing the propagation of uncertainty in numerical simulations: polynomial
chaos and stochastic collocation. Chebyshev polynomials are used in both cases for the conventional, deterministic portion
of the discretization in physical space. For the stochastic parameters, polynomial chaos utilizes a Galerkin approximation
based upon expansions in Hermite polynomials, whereas stochastic collocation rests upon a novel transformation between the
stochastic space and an artificial space. In our present implementation of stochastic collocation, Legendre interpolating
polynomials are employed. These methods are discussed in the specific context of a quasi-one-dimensional nozzle flow with
uncertainty in inlet conditions and nozzle shape. It is shown that both stochastic approaches efficiently handle uncertainty
propagation. Furthermore, these approaches enable computation of statistical moments of arbitrary order in a much more effective
way than other usual techniques such as the Monte Carlo simulation or perturbation methods. The numerical results indicate
that the stochastic collocation method is substantially more efficient than the full Galerkin, polynomial chaos method. Moreover,
the stochastic collocation method extends readily to highly nonlinear equations. An important application is to the stochastic
Riemann problem, which is of particular interest for spectral discontinuous Galerkin methods. 相似文献

10.