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共查询到17条相似文献，搜索用时 281 毫秒
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Let G =(V, E) be a simple connected graph with n(n ≥ 3) vertices and m edges,with vertex degree sequence {d1, d2,..., dn}. The augmented Zagreb index is defined as AZI =AZI(G)=∑ij∈E(didj/di+dj-2)3. Using the properties of inequality, we investigate the bounds of AZI for connected graphs, in particular unicyclic graphs in this paper, some useful conclusions are obtained.  相似文献

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Let G（V, E） be a unicyclic graph, Cm be a cycle of length m and Cm G, and ui ∈ V（Cm）. The G - E（Cm） are m trees, denoted by Ti, i = 1, 2,..., m. For i = 1, 2,..., m, let eui be the excentricity of ui in Ti and ec = max{eui ： i = 1, 2 , m}. Let κ = ec＋1. Forj = 1,2,...,k- 1, let δij = max{dv ： dist（v, ui） = j,v ∈ Ti}, δj = max{δij ： i = 1, 2,..., m}, δ0 = max{dui ： ui ∈ V（Cm）}. Then λ1（G）≤max{max 2≤j≤k-2 （√δj-1-1＋√δj-1）,2＋√δ0-2,√δ0-2＋√δ1-1}. If G ≌ Cn, then the equality holds, where λ1 （G） is the largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix of G.  相似文献

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An associative ring with identity R is called Armendariz if, whenever （∑^m i=0^aix^i）（∑^n j=0^bjx^j）=0 in R[x],aibj=0 for all i and j. An associative ring with identity is called reduced if it has no non-zero nilpotent elements. In this paper, we define a general reduced ring （with or without identity） and a general Armendariz ring （with or without identity）, and identify a class of maximal general Armendariz subrings of matrix rings over general reduced rings.  相似文献

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A subdivision vertex-edge corona G_1~S?(∪ G_3~E) is a graph that consists of S(G_1),|V(G_1)| copies of G_2 and |I(G_1)| copies of G_3 by joining the i-th vertex in V(G_1) to each vertex in the i-th copy of G_2 and i-th vertex of I(G_1) to each vertex in the i-th copy of G_3.In this paper, we determine the normalized Laplacian spectrum of G_1~S?(G_2~V∪ G_3~E) in terms of the corresponding normalized Laplacian spectra of three connected regular graphs G_1, G_2 and G_3. As applications, we construct some non-regular normalized Laplacian cospectral graphs. In addition, we also give the multiplicative degree-Kirchhoff index, the Kemeny's constant and the number of the spanning trees of G_1~S?(G_2~V∪ G_3~E) on three regular graphs.  相似文献