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1赋值求和例1设(2x-3)10=a10(x-1)10 a9(x-1)9 … a2(x-1)2 a1(x-1) a0,求a1 a2 a3 … a10的值.解令x=2,得a0 a1 a2 a3 … a10=1;令x=1,得a0=(-1)10=1,所以a1 a2 a3 … a10=1-1=0.例2设(1 x x2)n=a0 a1x a2x2 … a2nx2n,求a1 a3 a5 … a2n-1的值.解令x=1,得a0 a1 a2 … a2n=3n;令x=-1,得a0-a1 a2-…-a2n-1 a2n=1.两式相减得a1 a3 a5 … a2n-1=3n-12.2逆用定理例3已知等比数列{an}的首项为a1,公比为q,求和:a1C0n a2C1n a3C2n … an 1Cnn.解a1C0n a2C1n a3C2n … an 1Cnn=a1C0n a1qC1n a1q2C2n … a1qnCnn=a1(C0n qC1n q2C2n … qnCnn)…  相似文献

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The main result is that a separable Banach space with the weak* unconditional tree property is isomorphic to a subspace as well as a quotient of a Banach space with a shrinking unconditional basis. A consequence of this is that a Banach space is isomorphic to a subspace of a space with a shrinking unconditional basis if and only if it is isomorphic to a quotient of a space with a shrinking unconditional basis, which solves a problem dating to the 1970s. The proof of the main result also yields that a uniformly convex space with the unconditional tree property is isomorphic to a subspace as well as a quotient of a uniformly convex space with an unconditional finite dimensional decomposition.  相似文献

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It was proved in [4] that every group ring of a torsion abelian group over a commutative local ring is a semi-clean ring. It was asked in [4] whether every group ring of a torsion abelian group over a commutative clean ring is a semi-clean ring and whether every group ring of a torsion abelian group over a commutative semi-clean ring is a semi-clean ring. In this paper, we give a positive answer to question 1 and a negative answer to question 2.  相似文献

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The aim of this paper is to present a nonconvex duality with a zero gap and its connection with convex duality. Since a convex program can be regarded as a particular case of convex maximization over a convex set, a nonconvex duality can be regarded as a generalization of convex duality. The generalized duality can be obtained on the basis of convex duality and minimax theorems. The duality with a zero gap can be extended to a more general nonconvex problems such as a quasiconvex maximization over a general nonconvex set or a general minimization over the complement of a convex set. Several applications are given.On leave from the Institute of Mathematics, Hanoi, Vietnam.  相似文献

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Motivated by a practical industrial problem where a manufacturer stipulates a minimum order from each buyer but where a local dealer promises the buyer a just-in-time delivery with a slightly higher unit cost, this paper uses a dynamic lot-sizing model with a stepwise cargo cost function and a minimum order amount constraint to help the buyer select the supplier with minimum total cost.  相似文献

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Consider a finite family of non-empty sets. The intersection graph of this family is obtained by representing each set by a vertex, two vertices being connected by an edge if and only if the corresponding sets intersect. The intersection graph of a family of directed paths in a directed tree is called a directed path graph. In this paper we present an efficient algorithm which constructs to a given graph a representation by a family of directed paths on a directed tree, if one exists. Also, we prove that a graph is a proper directed path graph if and only if it is a directed path graph.  相似文献

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There is a canonical imbedding of a poset into a complete Boolean lattice and hence into a Boolean lattice. This gives it a representation as a collection of clopen sets of a Boolean space. There are reflective functions from a category of distributive posets to the subcategories of distributive and Boolean lattices and consequently a topological dual equivalence that extends the Stone duality of Boolean lattices.Presented by B. Jonsson.  相似文献

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Michael Batty 《代数通讯》2013,41(2):967-980
It is well known that a group is free if and only if it acts freely without inversions on a tree. We prove a generalisation of this fact by defining a quasi-tree to be a graph with a bound on the size of its simple loops. It is shown that a finitely generated group acting freely on such a graph is isomorphic to a free product of free groups and finite groups.  相似文献

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This paper considers the asset price movements in a financial market with a risky asset and a bond. The dynamics of the risky asset, modeled by a marked point process, depend on a stochastic factor, modeled also by a marked point process. The possibility of common jump times with the price is allowed. The problem studied is to determine a strategy maximizing the expected value of a utility function of the hedging error. Two different approaches are considered: an Hamilton Jacobi Bellmann equation is studied for a simplified model and a contraction technique is introduced for a more general model.  相似文献